The aim of this study was to test the applicability of 99mTc-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO) labelled leukocyte joint scintigraphy in the assessment of disease activity in 21 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and to compare leukocyte scintigraphy with the Disease Activity Score (DAS), a validated activity index developed by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR). Twenty-one patients with rheumatoid arthritis were investigated by using 99mTc-HMPAO labelled leukocyte joint scintigraphy. The clinical and laboratory data were recorded, and the DAS was calculated and compared with the scintigraphic results in each case. A relatively high DAS score (4.71±1.07) was found in the majority of patients. The degree of accumulation of 99mTc-HMPAO leukocytes showed no correlation with a patient's age, gender, duration of disease, use of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), visual analogue scale (VAS), Richie index, DAS, or any laboratory parameters. In contrast, a significant correlation was found between the global regional accumulation of the labelled leukocytes of the hands and feet, and the swollen-joint count. It is concluded that radiolabelled leukocyte scintigraphy could become one of the promising methods in the assessment of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
- Disease activity
- Leukocyte scintigraphy
- Rheumatoid arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging