238U, 226Ra, 210Po concentrations of bottled mineral waters in Hungary and their committed effective dose

T. Kovács, E. Bodrogi, P. Dombovári, J. Somlai, Cs Németh, A. Capote, S. Tarján

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nowadays the consumption of bottled mineral waters has become very popular. The average consumption of these is 0.36 l d-1 per person in Europe. A considerable segment of the population drinks almost only mineral water as drinking water, which is about 1 l d-1. As is known, some kinds of mineral waters contain naturally occurring radionuclides in higher concentration than the usual drinking (tap) water. The WHO (1993) legislation concerning the drinking waters does not include the mineral waters. In our work, the concentrations of 226Ra, and 238U and 210Po were determined in mineral waters available in Hungary. To determine the 226Ra concentration the emanation method was used. The 238U and 210Po concentrations were determined by alpha spectrometry using semiconductor detector.The dose contribution was calculated using the radionuclide concentrations and the dose conversion factors from the Basic Safety Standard IAEA (1995) 1, for 1 l d-1 mineral water consumption. In some cases the calculated doses were considerable higher than the limit for drinking waters. Especially for children the doses can be remarkably high.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-181
Number of pages7
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Hungary
Mineral Waters
Drinking Water
Minerals
minerals
dosage
drinking
water
Water
Potable water
Radioisotopes
radioactive isotopes
Semiconductors
Semiconductor detectors
water consumption
Legislation
Drinking
Spectrum Analysis
Spectrometry
taps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Radiation

Cite this

238U, 226Ra, 210Po concentrations of bottled mineral waters in Hungary and their committed effective dose. / Kovács, T.; Bodrogi, E.; Dombovári, P.; Somlai, J.; Németh, Cs; Capote, A.; Tarján, S.

In: Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Vol. 108, No. 2, 2004, p. 175-181.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kovács, T. ; Bodrogi, E. ; Dombovári, P. ; Somlai, J. ; Németh, Cs ; Capote, A. ; Tarján, S. / 238U, 226Ra, 210Po concentrations of bottled mineral waters in Hungary and their committed effective dose. In: Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2004 ; Vol. 108, No. 2. pp. 175-181.
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