18FDG a PET tumor diagnostic tracer is not a substrate of the ABC transporter P-glycoprotein

Zoárd T. Krasznai, György Trencsényi, Zoltán Krasznai, Pál Mikecz, Eniko Nizsalóczki, Gábor Szalóki, Judit P. Szabó, László Balkay, Teréz Márián, Katalin Goda

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18FDG) is a tumor diagnostic radiotracer of great importance in both diagnosing primary and metastatic tumors and in monitoring the efficacy of the treatment. P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is an active transporter that is often expressed in various malignancies either intrinsically or appears later upon disease progression or in response to chemotherapy. Several authors reported that the accumulation of 18FDG in P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expressing cancer cells (Pgp +) and tumors is different from the accumulation of the tracer in Pgp nonexpressing (Pgp-) ones, therefore we investigated whether 18FDG is a substrate or modulator of Pgp pump. Rhodamine 123 (R123) accumulation experiments and ATPase assay were used to detect whether 18FDG is substrate for Pgp. The accumulation and efflux kinetics of 18FDG were examined in two different human gynecologic (A2780/A2780AD and KB-3-1/KB-V1) and a mouse fibroblast (3T3 and 3T3MDR1) Pgp+ and Pgp- cancer cell line pairs both in cell suspension and monolayer cultures. We found that 18FDG and its derivatives did not affect either the R123 accumulation in Pgp+ cells or the basal and the substrate stimulated ATPase activity of Pgp supporting that they are not substrates or modulators of the pump. Measuring the accumulation and efflux kinetics of 18FDG in different Pgp+ and Pgp- cell line pairs, we have found that the Pgp+ cells exhibited significantly higher (p ≤ 0.01) 18FDG accumulation and slightly faster 18FDG efflux kinetics compared to their Pgp- counterparts. The above data support the idea that expression of Pgp may increase the energy demand of cells resulting in higher 18FDG accumulation and faster efflux. We concluded that 18FDG and its metabolites are not substrates of Pgp.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 20 2014

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Keywords

  • Gynecologic cancer cells
  • Multidrug resistance
  • PET tumordiagnostic tracer
  • Pgp substrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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