Suicidality and trait aggression related to childhood victimization in patients with alcoholism

Erika Bácskai, P. Czobor, József Gerevich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between physical abuse in childhood and suicide attempts in adulthood has long been known. However, the phenomenon has not been examined in patients who are undergoing treatment for alcoholism. In this study we seek an answer to the questions of whether exposure to physical abuse in childhood predisposes to violence, which in turn increases the likelihood of suicidal behavior in adulthood. The sample studied comprised 172 patients with alcohol dependence and with data for childhood physical abuse, trait aggression and lifetime suicide attempts. The measuring instruments used for the investigation were the European Addiction Severity Index, the Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire and the Janus Questionnaire. Generalized Linear Model analysis revealed a significant gender-dependent association between physical abuse by the parents suffered in childhood and later suicide attempts. In females, childhood victimization by parents increased the likelihood of suicide attempts by approximately 15 times; in males, the increase was about twofold. Association of suicide attempts with the overall level of trait aggression also significantly interacted with gender. In females, the increase in the level of total scores of the trait aggression from 0 to 50 points (approximately the mean level in the study population) elevated the likelihood of the suicide attempts by almost ninefold, whereas the analogous increase in males was about threefold. The results draw attention to the importance of preventing suicide in clinical populations of alcohol-dependent patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume165
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 2009

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Crime Victims
Aggression
Suicide
Alcoholism
Parents
Violence
Population
Linear Models
Alcohols
Physical Abuse

Keywords

  • Alcohol dependence
  • Childhood victimization
  • Suicide attempts
  • Trait aggression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Suicidality and trait aggression related to childhood victimization in patients with alcoholism. / Bácskai, Erika; Czobor, P.; Gerevich, József.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 165, No. 1-2, 30.01.2009, p. 103-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bácskai, Erika ; Czobor, P. ; Gerevich, József. / Suicidality and trait aggression related to childhood victimization in patients with alcoholism. In: Psychiatry Research. 2009 ; Vol. 165, No. 1-2. pp. 103-110.
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