Suicidal risk, psychopathology, and quality of life in a clinical population of adolescents

Judit Balazs, Monika Miklosi, J. Halász, Lili Olga Horváth, Dóra Szentiványi, Péter Vida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: According to literature data, psychopathology is associated with both quality of life (QoL) and suicidal risk in adolescents, but the literature does not fully support a direct association between psychopathology and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible mediational role of QoL in the relationship between psychopathology and level of suicidal risk in a clinical sample of adolescents. Method: The authors examined a clinical population of 134 adolescents, aged 13-18 years. Suicidal risk-having any current suicidal ideations and/or previous suicide attempt-was assessed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. QoL was evaluated by the adolescent self-rated versions of "Das Intervertar zur Erfassung der Lebensqualität Kindern und Jugendlichen" (ILK: Measure of Quality of Life for Children and Adolescents) and psychopathology was measured by adolescent self-rated versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A mediational model, in which QoL mediated the relationship between psychopathology and suicidal risk controlling for gender and age, was tested by means of regression analyses. Results: Gender and age were both associated with suicidal risk. Self-reported QoL significantly mediated the relationships between emotional problems (=1.846; 95% BCa CI: 0.731-2.577), as well as peer problems (=0.883; 95% BCa CI: 0.055-1.561) and suicidal risk: more emotional and peer problems were associated with lower QoL, which in turn was related to higher level of suicidal risk. Conclusion: Based on this study, which aims to make further steps in suicidal prevention, our findings suggest that clinicians should routinely screen the QoL of their patients, especially in adolescents with emotional and peer problems. Furthermore, it is important to focus intervention and treatment efforts on improving the QoL of adolescents with emotional and peer problems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume9
Issue numberFEB
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 5 2018

Fingerprint

Psychopathology
Quality of Life
Population
Suicidal Ideation
Suicide
Regression Analysis
Interviews

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Psychopathology
  • Quality of life
  • Suicidal risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Suicidal risk, psychopathology, and quality of life in a clinical population of adolescents. / Balazs, Judit; Miklosi, Monika; Halász, J.; Horváth, Lili Olga; Szentiványi, Dóra; Vida, Péter.

In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, Vol. 9, No. FEB, 17, 05.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Balazs, Judit ; Miklosi, Monika ; Halász, J. ; Horváth, Lili Olga ; Szentiványi, Dóra ; Vida, Péter. / Suicidal risk, psychopathology, and quality of life in a clinical population of adolescents. In: Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. FEB.
@article{d471240f4e1241c3978613b7fe3dbebc,
title = "Suicidal risk, psychopathology, and quality of life in a clinical population of adolescents",
abstract = "Background: According to literature data, psychopathology is associated with both quality of life (QoL) and suicidal risk in adolescents, but the literature does not fully support a direct association between psychopathology and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible mediational role of QoL in the relationship between psychopathology and level of suicidal risk in a clinical sample of adolescents. Method: The authors examined a clinical population of 134 adolescents, aged 13-18 years. Suicidal risk-having any current suicidal ideations and/or previous suicide attempt-was assessed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. QoL was evaluated by the adolescent self-rated versions of {"}Das Intervertar zur Erfassung der Lebensqualit{\"a}t Kindern und Jugendlichen{"} (ILK: Measure of Quality of Life for Children and Adolescents) and psychopathology was measured by adolescent self-rated versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A mediational model, in which QoL mediated the relationship between psychopathology and suicidal risk controlling for gender and age, was tested by means of regression analyses. Results: Gender and age were both associated with suicidal risk. Self-reported QoL significantly mediated the relationships between emotional problems (=1.846; 95{\%} BCa CI: 0.731-2.577), as well as peer problems (=0.883; 95{\%} BCa CI: 0.055-1.561) and suicidal risk: more emotional and peer problems were associated with lower QoL, which in turn was related to higher level of suicidal risk. Conclusion: Based on this study, which aims to make further steps in suicidal prevention, our findings suggest that clinicians should routinely screen the QoL of their patients, especially in adolescents with emotional and peer problems. Furthermore, it is important to focus intervention and treatment efforts on improving the QoL of adolescents with emotional and peer problems.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Psychopathology, Quality of life, Suicidal risk",
author = "Judit Balazs and Monika Miklosi and J. Hal{\'a}sz and Horv{\'a}th, {Lili Olga} and D{\'o}ra Szentiv{\'a}nyi and P{\'e}ter Vida",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "5",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00017",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychiatry",
issn = "1664-0640",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",
number = "FEB",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Suicidal risk, psychopathology, and quality of life in a clinical population of adolescents

AU - Balazs, Judit

AU - Miklosi, Monika

AU - Halász, J.

AU - Horváth, Lili Olga

AU - Szentiványi, Dóra

AU - Vida, Péter

PY - 2018/2/5

Y1 - 2018/2/5

N2 - Background: According to literature data, psychopathology is associated with both quality of life (QoL) and suicidal risk in adolescents, but the literature does not fully support a direct association between psychopathology and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible mediational role of QoL in the relationship between psychopathology and level of suicidal risk in a clinical sample of adolescents. Method: The authors examined a clinical population of 134 adolescents, aged 13-18 years. Suicidal risk-having any current suicidal ideations and/or previous suicide attempt-was assessed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. QoL was evaluated by the adolescent self-rated versions of "Das Intervertar zur Erfassung der Lebensqualität Kindern und Jugendlichen" (ILK: Measure of Quality of Life for Children and Adolescents) and psychopathology was measured by adolescent self-rated versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A mediational model, in which QoL mediated the relationship between psychopathology and suicidal risk controlling for gender and age, was tested by means of regression analyses. Results: Gender and age were both associated with suicidal risk. Self-reported QoL significantly mediated the relationships between emotional problems (=1.846; 95% BCa CI: 0.731-2.577), as well as peer problems (=0.883; 95% BCa CI: 0.055-1.561) and suicidal risk: more emotional and peer problems were associated with lower QoL, which in turn was related to higher level of suicidal risk. Conclusion: Based on this study, which aims to make further steps in suicidal prevention, our findings suggest that clinicians should routinely screen the QoL of their patients, especially in adolescents with emotional and peer problems. Furthermore, it is important to focus intervention and treatment efforts on improving the QoL of adolescents with emotional and peer problems.

AB - Background: According to literature data, psychopathology is associated with both quality of life (QoL) and suicidal risk in adolescents, but the literature does not fully support a direct association between psychopathology and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible mediational role of QoL in the relationship between psychopathology and level of suicidal risk in a clinical sample of adolescents. Method: The authors examined a clinical population of 134 adolescents, aged 13-18 years. Suicidal risk-having any current suicidal ideations and/or previous suicide attempt-was assessed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. QoL was evaluated by the adolescent self-rated versions of "Das Intervertar zur Erfassung der Lebensqualität Kindern und Jugendlichen" (ILK: Measure of Quality of Life for Children and Adolescents) and psychopathology was measured by adolescent self-rated versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A mediational model, in which QoL mediated the relationship between psychopathology and suicidal risk controlling for gender and age, was tested by means of regression analyses. Results: Gender and age were both associated with suicidal risk. Self-reported QoL significantly mediated the relationships between emotional problems (=1.846; 95% BCa CI: 0.731-2.577), as well as peer problems (=0.883; 95% BCa CI: 0.055-1.561) and suicidal risk: more emotional and peer problems were associated with lower QoL, which in turn was related to higher level of suicidal risk. Conclusion: Based on this study, which aims to make further steps in suicidal prevention, our findings suggest that clinicians should routinely screen the QoL of their patients, especially in adolescents with emotional and peer problems. Furthermore, it is important to focus intervention and treatment efforts on improving the QoL of adolescents with emotional and peer problems.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Psychopathology

KW - Quality of life

KW - Suicidal risk

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041825596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041825596&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00017

DO - 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00017

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Psychiatry

JF - Frontiers in Psychiatry

SN - 1664-0640

IS - FEB

M1 - 17

ER -