Suicidal ideation in adult ADHD: Gender difference with a specific psychopathological profile

Brigitta Kakuszi, I. Bitter, P. Czobor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate suicidal ideation (SI) in patients with adult ADHD (aADHD), and its association with gender and psychopathology. Methods: Case-control study with 206 participants (patients = 103/healthy controls = 103; matched on gender, age, and education). SI was assessed by the Beck-I Depression-Inventory. The Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS) was used to characterize the ADHD symptom-domains. Results: Compared to controls, the likelihood of SI was significantly higher in females with ADHD (odds ratio[OR] = 25.0 (95%CI:2.98–200.0); the difference was not significant in males (OR = 2.09 (95%CI:0.75–5.81). In females, “Problems with Self-Concept” scores on the CAARS showed the closest association with SI (OR = 5.60,95%CI:2.34–13.41]), while in males it was “Impulsivity” scores (OR = 3.01,95%CI:1.50–6.06). Conclusion: Our findings extend previously described transdiagnostic associations of specific psychopathological risk factors to aADHD, including problems with self-concept and impulsivity, which are robustly associated with suicidality across diagnostic boundaries. In addition, they indicate that these associations exhibit pronounced gender-specificity in aADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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