Sufficient conditions for protection routing in IP networks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Providing fully distributed, fault tolerant, hop-by-hop routing is one of the key challenges for intra-domain IP networks. This can be achieved by storing two next-hops for each destination node in the forwarding table of the routers, and the packets are forwarded to primary next-hop (PNH), unless PNH is unreachable and secondary next-hop (SNH) is used instead. We follow the architecture by Kwong et al. in On the feasibility and efficacy of protection routing in IP networks, University of Pennsylvania (2010), where the routing tables are configured in a centralized way, while the forwarding and failure recovery is in a fully distributed way without relying on any encapsulation and signaling mechanisms for failure notification, to meet the standard IP forwarding paradigm. A network is protected if no single link of node failure results in forwarding loops. Kwong et al. (On the feasibility and efficacy of protection routing in IP networks, University of Pennsylvania 2010) conjectured that network node connectivity is not sufficient for a network to be protectable. In this paper we show that this conjecture is in contradiction with a conjuncture by Hasunuma (Discrete Math 234(1-3):149-157, 2001; in Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, pp. 235-245, 2002), and show that every four connected maximal planar graph and every underlying graph of a 2-connected line digraph has feasible protection routing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)723-730
Number of pages8
JournalOptimization Letters
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • IP Fast ReRoute (IPFRR)
  • Node-connectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Optimization

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