Substituent effects in aminocarbonylation of para-substituted iodobenzenes

Diána Marosvölgyi-Haskó, Tamás Kégl, László Kollár

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Iodobenzene derivatives possessing various substituents (amino, hydroxy, tert-butyl, methyl, isopropyl, phenyl, fluoro, chloro, methoxycarbonyl, acetyl, trifluoromethyl, nitro) in the para position were aminocarbonylated using tert-butylamine and n-butylamine as N-nucleophiles. A palladium(0) catalyst formed in situ from palladium(II) acetate and triphenylphosphine was used. Carboxamide and ketocarboxamide type compounds were formed via single and double carbon monoxide insertion, respectively. While 4-substituents with negative Hammett constants (σp) decrease reactivity of the substrates, the iodoaromatics possessing electron-withdrawing group (characterized by positive Hammett constants (σp)) in the 4-position have shown high reactivity. Highly active catalysts were obtained in the presence of xantphos accompanied by the chemoselective formation of the corresponding carboxamides. The difference in reactivity of iodoarene and bromoarene functionalities enabled the synthesis of bromo-substituted compounds suitable for further functionalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7509-7516
Number of pages8
JournalTetrahedron
Volume72
Issue number47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Carbonylation
  • Carboxamide
  • Hammett constant
  • Iodoarene
  • Palladium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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