Substance abuse, temperament and suicide risk: Evidence from a case-control study

Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Hagop S. Akiskal, Z. Ríhmer, Antonio Del Casale, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi, Roberto Tatarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to evaluate differences between two matched groups of psychiatric outpatients (those with and those without substance abuse) on clinical variables that previous research has suggested may be associated with substance abuse comorbidity. The sample consisted of 31 consecutively admitted psychiatric outpatients (16 men and 15 women) with substance use comorbidity; controls were 31 outpatients without substance use comorbidity who were matched for sex and age. The patients completed the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version, the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised, the Gotland Male Depression Scale, and the Beck Hopelessness Scale. As a group, the substance abusers had a different temperament profile (higher dysthymic/cyclothymic/anxiety and irritability and lower hyperthymic traits), a higher hopelessness, global psychopathology severity, impulsivity/aggression, and suicide risk (higher lifetime suicide ideation and suicide attempts), and were more frequently depressed. However, few differences were significant and almost all were of small magnitude. Furthermore, bipolar disorders type II were overrepresented in the abuser group compared to the control group (45% vs. 22%, respectively).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

Fingerprint

Temperament
Suicide
Substance-Related Disorders
Case-Control Studies
Comorbidity
Outpatients
Psychiatry
Impulsive Behavior
Paris
Checklist
Aggression
Psychopathology
Bipolar Disorder
Research Design
Anxiety
Interviews
Depression
Control Groups
Research

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Drug abuse disorders
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Suicide
  • Temperaments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Pompili, M., Innamorati, M., Lester, D., Akiskal, H. S., Ríhmer, Z., Casale, A. D., ... Tatarelli, R. (2009). Substance abuse, temperament and suicide risk: Evidence from a case-control study. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 28(1), 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/10550880802544757

Substance abuse, temperament and suicide risk : Evidence from a case-control study. / Pompili, Maurizio; Innamorati, Marco; Lester, David; Akiskal, Hagop S.; Ríhmer, Z.; Casale, Antonio Del; Amore, Mario; Girardi, Paolo; Tatarelli, Roberto.

In: Journal of Addictive Diseases, Vol. 28, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 13-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pompili, M, Innamorati, M, Lester, D, Akiskal, HS, Ríhmer, Z, Casale, AD, Amore, M, Girardi, P & Tatarelli, R 2009, 'Substance abuse, temperament and suicide risk: Evidence from a case-control study', Journal of Addictive Diseases, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/10550880802544757
Pompili, Maurizio ; Innamorati, Marco ; Lester, David ; Akiskal, Hagop S. ; Ríhmer, Z. ; Casale, Antonio Del ; Amore, Mario ; Girardi, Paolo ; Tatarelli, Roberto. / Substance abuse, temperament and suicide risk : Evidence from a case-control study. In: Journal of Addictive Diseases. 2009 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 13-20.
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