Subjective expectations regarding length and health-related quality of life in Hungary: Results from an empirical investigation

Márta Péntek, Valentin Brodszky, Ádám László Gulácsi, Ottó Hajdú, Job van Exel, Werner Brouwer, L. Gulácsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Subjective expectations regarding future health are rarely studied, yet may have implications for medical decision making, health behaviour and health economic analysis. Objective: To study people's subjective expectations regarding length and future quality of life in Hungary and compare these with previous findings from the Netherlands. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed, using a questionnaire that was put on a highly frequented web journal during 1 day. Main socio-demographic variables and health status of the voluntary participants were registered using the EQ-5D questionnaire. People were asked about the age they expected to live and the health status they expected to have at ages 60, 70, 80 and 90, using the EQ-5D descriptive system. Responses were matched and compared to age- and gender-specific life expectancy data from the Hungarian National Statistics and to age- and gender-specific EQ-5D scores from a prior nationally representative survey in Hungary. Results: In total, 9407 people were included in the analysis with mean age of 36.1 (SD 10.6) years, mainly qualified (degree 74.0%), employed (86.0%) men (67.1%). People overestimated their life expectancy (women, 1.6; men, 8.2 years) and expected a sharp deterioration in health at the age 70. Age, current health status, perception of a healthy lifestyle and kins' age at death were important explanatory factors for subjective expectations. Subjective life expectancy correlates strongly with expected future health status. Conclusions: The striking similarities between two surveys from distinct nations suggest that people's (mis)expectations regarding length and future quality of life are probably rather generalizable between jurisdictions within Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696-709
Number of pages14
JournalHealth Expectations
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Hungary
Health Status
Life Expectancy
Quality of Life
Health
Health Behavior
Netherlands
Cross-Sectional Studies
Economics
Demography
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Expectations
  • Health status
  • Hungary
  • Longevity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Subjective expectations regarding length and health-related quality of life in Hungary : Results from an empirical investigation. / Péntek, Márta; Brodszky, Valentin; Gulácsi, Ádám László; Hajdú, Ottó; van Exel, Job; Brouwer, Werner; Gulácsi, L.

In: Health Expectations, Vol. 17, No. 5, 2014, p. 696-709.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Péntek, Márta ; Brodszky, Valentin ; Gulácsi, Ádám László ; Hajdú, Ottó ; van Exel, Job ; Brouwer, Werner ; Gulácsi, L. / Subjective expectations regarding length and health-related quality of life in Hungary : Results from an empirical investigation. In: Health Expectations. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 696-709.
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