Based on a nationwide representative survey, the aim of the study was to analyse health status as it is influenced by the economic situation, especially by the self-evaluation of the family income. The representative study was conducted on a sample of 12 372 people in 1995. The questionnaire was constructed to collect information on health status (problems, symptoms, illnesses) and health behaviour of the Hungarian population over the age of 16 as well as on the various demographic, social, financial, behavioural, and psychological factors influencing their health. Data were analysed by the SPSS program package. On the basis of income-data and self-evaluated poverty, the respondents were categorised into four groups. In these groups, the frequency-of illnesses and symptoms seemed to depend both on actual self-reported income and on the self-evaluation of that income. Our analysis included indicators of mood and psychological status, risk behaviour and coping strategies. Those two groups that had a negative self-evaluation of the family income showed worse health status indicators than those groups that were satisfied with their income. After controlling the effects of demographic and socioeconomic factors, the health status of the four groups still differed. These differences seem to stem from mood and psychological characteristics, especially depression, and behavioural factors such as coping strategies. The path model of the variables indicated that negative self-evaluation of family income has no direct effect on health status: it influences health mostly by generating depression.
|Translated title of the contribution||Subjective evaluation of poverty and health status|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Lege Artis Medicinae|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 28 1998|
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