A subacute toxicological study of the effects of the ethylene-bisdithiocarbamate-containing fungicide Dithane M-45 (80% mancozeb) was carried out in male Wistar rats. The rats were given Dithane mixed in the feed at doses of 0, 10, 50, 75, 113, 169, 253 or 379 mg/kg body weight for 12 wk. One-third of the rats given 379 mg Dithane/kg body weight died, and doses of ≥169 mg/kg decreased the growth of the rats as well as the nutrient utilization. The relative weights of the liver and thyroid were significantly increased in rats given ≥75 mg Dithane/kg body weight, and those of the kidneys, adrenals and testes were significantly increased in the two highest dose groups. The serum cholesterol level was increased significantly in groups given ≥75 mg/kg, and doses of 113, 169 or 253 mg/kg caused the elevation of the triglyceride content of the liver. The two highest doses of Dithane decreased the detoxicating capacity of the liver. The function of the thyroids was impaired even by very small doses of Dithane: at a dose of 10 mg/kg body weight the quantity of iodine stored in the thyroids was decreased by 20%. At doses of ≥50 mg/kg statistically significant decreases in thyroid iodine content were observed. Histological examination of the thyroids showed dose-dependent hyperplasia in rats treated with Dithane.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science