Study of the mechanism of formation of nano-crystalline zeolite X in heterogeneous system

Cleo Kosanović, Károly Havancsák, Boris Subotić, Vesna Svetličić, Tea Mišić Radić, Ágnes Cziráki, Gabriella Huhn, Iva Buljan, Vilko Smrečki

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Aggregates of nano-sized zeolite 13X were synthesized at 373 K in order to study the mechanism of the nucleation and crystal growth processes of its formation. For this purpose solid phase (gel) separated from freshly prepared hydrogel having the batch molar composition: 10.94Na2O·Al 2O3·5.03SiO2·417.90H 2O as well as the solids drawn off the reaction mixture, during its hydrothermal treatment at 100 °C and the crystallization end product (1.66 Na2O·Al2O3·2.5SiO 2·6.6H2O) were analyzed by different methods such as powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning-electron microscopy (SEM), electron diffraction (ED), atomic force microscopy (AFM), 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (29Si-NMR) and thermal analysis methods (DTG, DSC). AFM analysis has shown that the freshly prepared gel is mainly composed of disc-shaped primary particles having height 0.6 nm and average diameter 2.4 nm. AFM analysis of the solids separated from the hydrogel at various stages of its hydrothermal treatment (heating at 100 °C) indicates that the particles of the partially and/or fully crystalline phase detected in gel are nuclei for further crystallization of zeolite, consisting mainly of D6Rs. Such observation was also confirmed by the other used methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2011



  • Aluminosilicate gel
  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Microstructure
  • Nucleation
  • Zeolite 13X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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