Study of the influence of alkalizing components on matrix pellets prepared by extrusion/spheronization

Elnazeer I. Hamedelniel, János Bajdik, Péter Kása, Klára Pintye-Hódi

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of alkalizing components and the nature of the wetting liquid on the properties of matrix pellets prepared by extrusion and spheronization. Atenolol was used as an active pharmaceutical ingredient, ethylcellulose as a matrix former, microcrystalline cellulose as a filler and disodium phosphate anhydrous and trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate as alkalizing materials. Water and a water-ethanol mixture served as granulation liquids. Pellet formation was evaluated via mechanical, dissolution and morphological studies. In order to enhance the dissolution of Atenolol from the pellets, alkalizing components were used and the influence of these components on the pH was tested. Investigations of the breaking hardness, the morphology and the dissolution revealed that the pellets containing trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate and prepared with a higher amount of water as binding liquid displayed the best physico-chemical parameters and uniform dissolution. In in vitro experiments, the dissolution release complied with the texture of the pellets and the effect of pH. The pellets have suitable shape and very good hardness for the coating process and are appropriate for subsequent in vivo experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalPharmaceutical Development and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2012



  • Alkalizing components
  • Extrusion
  • Matrix pellets
  • Spheronization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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