Study of soil scientific, layer scientific and palaeoecological relations of the Csípo-mound kurgan

K. Joó, A. Barczi, P. Sümegi

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Abstract

Kurgans are important cultural and historical sites of Hungary. Our research team made malacological and soil scientific observations of the kurgan called Csípo-halom situated in the Hortobágy steppe area of the Great Hungarian Plain. Our goals were to investigate the strata of the kurgan and gain data about the palaeoecology of its broader environment. Based on the data gained we can state that this kurgan was built in the Copper Age on an existing hill. Its surface is currently covered by Chernozem soil, and the buried soil feature below the kurgan preserved a soil with Chernozem features, too. Therefore, this kurgan was once surrounded not by closed forest vegetation (as former theories say), but by rather warm, dry steppe and half-shaded tall grass steppe environment, that surrounded mosaic wetlands and sodic areas. No factors referring to the formation of Luvisol were found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-144
Number of pages4
JournalAtti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie Serie A
Volume112
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Copper Age
  • Hungary
  • Kurgan
  • Malacology
  • Palaeoecology
  • Soils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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