The pH-dependent charges of Hungarian soils have been studied via surface acid-base properties. The intrinsic stability constants of protonation and deprotonation processes, as well as the concentration of surface sites, have been determined by surface complexation modeling. The protonation and deprotonation constants have been nearly the same for most soils. There is a relation between the concentration of surface sites and composition, expect for the freshly deposited soils with high primary silicate content. The results show that the concentrations of silanol and aluminol sites are different for each soil, the intrinsic stability constants of protonation and deprotonation processes, however, are nearly the same within experimental error. This can only be explained if these stability constants are real thermodynamic equilibrium constants. The fact that these constants are nearly the same supports the conclusion that we succeeded in excluding all processes that would disturb the measurements. The parameters characteristic of the edge sites of the soils are of two types: (a) the parameters depending on the quality and composition of the soils, (i.e.), the concentration of surface sites; (b) the parameters depending on the thermodynamically well-defined acid-base processes, independent of soil composition.
- Acid-base properties
- Soil acidity
- Surface complexation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry