Study of in vitro antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities of selected Saharan plants

Ionut F. Palici, Erika Liktor-Busa, István Zupkó, Blaise Touzard, Mohamed Chaieb, Edit Urbán, Judit Hohmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was the evaluation of the antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities of selected Saharan species, which are applied in the traditional medicine but not studied thoroughly from chemical and pharmacological point of view. The studied plants, namely Anthyllis henoniana, Centropodia forskalii, Cornulaca monacantha, Ephedra alata var. alenda, Euphorbia guyoniana, Helianthemum confertum, Henophyton deserti, Moltkiopsis ciliata and Spartidium saharae were collected from remote areas of North Africa, especially from the Tunisian region of Sahara. After drying and applying the appropriate extraction methods, the plant extracts were tested in antimicrobial screening assay, performed on 19 Gram-positive and -negative strains of microbes. The inhibition zones produced by plant extracts were determined by disc-diffusion method. Remarkable antibacterial activities were exhibited by extracts of Ephedra alata var. alenda and Helianthemum confertum against B. subtilis, M. catarrhalis and methicillin-resistant and non-resistant S. aureus. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of these two species were also determined. Antiproliferative effects of the extracts were evaluated against 4 human adherent cell lines (HeLa, A431, A2780 and MCF7). Notable cell growth inhibition was found for extract of Helianthemum confertum and Euphorbia guyoniana. Our results provided data for selection of some plant species for further detailed pharmacological and phytochemical examinations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-394
Number of pages10
JournalActa biologica Hungarica
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Antibacterial activity
  • Antiproliferative activity
  • Ephedra alata var. alenda
  • Helianthemum confertum
  • Saharan plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Study of in vitro antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities of selected Saharan plants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this