A táplálkozással kapcsolatos attitűdök, magatartás és információkeresés vizsgálata és összefüggése szociodemográfiai és pszichológiai változókkal serdülők körében

Translated title of the contribution: Study of eating attitudes, behaviour and information-seeking in relation to sociodemographic and psychological factors among adolescents

Szabó Katalin, B. Pikó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Nutrition is one of the key factors in health maintainance. So developing appropriate eating habits is very important in adolescence. Dietary behaviour may be influenced by certain aspects of personality, e.g., self-efficacy, optimism/pessimism and self-control. Aim: We explored adolescents' eating behaviour, attitudes, and information seeking, and their relationship with psychological and sociodemographic factors. Method: Participants were high school students (n = 277; 54% boys; mean age: 16 years; SD = 1.25). Our self-administered questionnaire contained items on sociodemographics, eating behaviour and attitudes, and information-seeking as well as three psychological scales. Results: We explored the main factors of behaviour (health-conscious, nonconscious, raw-based), attitudes (rejecting, ambivalent and accepting), and information-seeking (lay, professional, Internet) using factor analysis. Correlation analyses revealed adolescents' nutrition-related behaviour and attitudes were rather health-conscious, but rejecting and ambivalence in their behaviour and attitudes appeared as well. Self-efficacy, self-control and optimism played a role not only in developing health-conscious behaviour and accepting attitude but also in avoiding the nonconscious behaviour and rejecting attitude. Health-conscious behaviour was associated with higher socioeconomic status and parents' schooling but less with gender. Information-seeking was partly influenced by certain sociodemographics: professional resources were preferred by girls, students from grammar schools, and those with better school achievement. Conclusions: Our data draw attention to the extraordinary importance of mapping adolescent dietary habits; not only their behaviours but also attitudes and information-seeking. This life period is significant in terms of childhood nu-trional socialization since youth's decisions become more and more autonomous in this field as well.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)2183-2192
Number of pages10
JournalOrvosi Hetilap
Volume159
Issue number51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

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Feeding Behavior
Psychology
Health
Self Efficacy
Students
Adolescent Behavior
Socialization
Social Class
Internet
Statistical Factor Analysis
Personality
Parents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "A t{\'a}pl{\'a}lkoz{\'a}ssal kapcsolatos attitűd{\"o}k, magatart{\'a}s {\'e}s inform{\'a}ci{\'o}keres{\'e}s vizsg{\'a}lata {\'e}s {\"o}sszef{\"u}gg{\'e}se szociodemogr{\'a}fiai {\'e}s pszichol{\'o}giai v{\'a}ltoz{\'o}kkal serd{\"u}lők k{\"o}r{\'e}ben",
abstract = "Introduction: Nutrition is one of the key factors in health maintainance. So developing appropriate eating habits is very important in adolescence. Dietary behaviour may be influenced by certain aspects of personality, e.g., self-efficacy, optimism/pessimism and self-control. Aim: We explored adolescents' eating behaviour, attitudes, and information seeking, and their relationship with psychological and sociodemographic factors. Method: Participants were high school students (n = 277; 54{\%} boys; mean age: 16 years; SD = 1.25). Our self-administered questionnaire contained items on sociodemographics, eating behaviour and attitudes, and information-seeking as well as three psychological scales. Results: We explored the main factors of behaviour (health-conscious, nonconscious, raw-based), attitudes (rejecting, ambivalent and accepting), and information-seeking (lay, professional, Internet) using factor analysis. Correlation analyses revealed adolescents' nutrition-related behaviour and attitudes were rather health-conscious, but rejecting and ambivalence in their behaviour and attitudes appeared as well. Self-efficacy, self-control and optimism played a role not only in developing health-conscious behaviour and accepting attitude but also in avoiding the nonconscious behaviour and rejecting attitude. Health-conscious behaviour was associated with higher socioeconomic status and parents' schooling but less with gender. Information-seeking was partly influenced by certain sociodemographics: professional resources were preferred by girls, students from grammar schools, and those with better school achievement. Conclusions: Our data draw attention to the extraordinary importance of mapping adolescent dietary habits; not only their behaviours but also attitudes and information-seeking. This life period is significant in terms of childhood nu-trional socialization since youth's decisions become more and more autonomous in this field as well.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Nutrition, Psychological factors, Sociodemographics",
author = "Szab{\'o} Katalin and B. Pik{\'o}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
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doi = "10.1556/650.2018.31194",
language = "Hungarian",
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T1 - A táplálkozással kapcsolatos attitűdök, magatartás és információkeresés vizsgálata és összefüggése szociodemográfiai és pszichológiai változókkal serdülők körében

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AU - Pikó, B.

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Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Introduction: Nutrition is one of the key factors in health maintainance. So developing appropriate eating habits is very important in adolescence. Dietary behaviour may be influenced by certain aspects of personality, e.g., self-efficacy, optimism/pessimism and self-control. Aim: We explored adolescents' eating behaviour, attitudes, and information seeking, and their relationship with psychological and sociodemographic factors. Method: Participants were high school students (n = 277; 54% boys; mean age: 16 years; SD = 1.25). Our self-administered questionnaire contained items on sociodemographics, eating behaviour and attitudes, and information-seeking as well as three psychological scales. Results: We explored the main factors of behaviour (health-conscious, nonconscious, raw-based), attitudes (rejecting, ambivalent and accepting), and information-seeking (lay, professional, Internet) using factor analysis. Correlation analyses revealed adolescents' nutrition-related behaviour and attitudes were rather health-conscious, but rejecting and ambivalence in their behaviour and attitudes appeared as well. Self-efficacy, self-control and optimism played a role not only in developing health-conscious behaviour and accepting attitude but also in avoiding the nonconscious behaviour and rejecting attitude. Health-conscious behaviour was associated with higher socioeconomic status and parents' schooling but less with gender. Information-seeking was partly influenced by certain sociodemographics: professional resources were preferred by girls, students from grammar schools, and those with better school achievement. Conclusions: Our data draw attention to the extraordinary importance of mapping adolescent dietary habits; not only their behaviours but also attitudes and information-seeking. This life period is significant in terms of childhood nu-trional socialization since youth's decisions become more and more autonomous in this field as well.

AB - Introduction: Nutrition is one of the key factors in health maintainance. So developing appropriate eating habits is very important in adolescence. Dietary behaviour may be influenced by certain aspects of personality, e.g., self-efficacy, optimism/pessimism and self-control. Aim: We explored adolescents' eating behaviour, attitudes, and information seeking, and their relationship with psychological and sociodemographic factors. Method: Participants were high school students (n = 277; 54% boys; mean age: 16 years; SD = 1.25). Our self-administered questionnaire contained items on sociodemographics, eating behaviour and attitudes, and information-seeking as well as three psychological scales. Results: We explored the main factors of behaviour (health-conscious, nonconscious, raw-based), attitudes (rejecting, ambivalent and accepting), and information-seeking (lay, professional, Internet) using factor analysis. Correlation analyses revealed adolescents' nutrition-related behaviour and attitudes were rather health-conscious, but rejecting and ambivalence in their behaviour and attitudes appeared as well. Self-efficacy, self-control and optimism played a role not only in developing health-conscious behaviour and accepting attitude but also in avoiding the nonconscious behaviour and rejecting attitude. Health-conscious behaviour was associated with higher socioeconomic status and parents' schooling but less with gender. Information-seeking was partly influenced by certain sociodemographics: professional resources were preferred by girls, students from grammar schools, and those with better school achievement. Conclusions: Our data draw attention to the extraordinary importance of mapping adolescent dietary habits; not only their behaviours but also attitudes and information-seeking. This life period is significant in terms of childhood nu-trional socialization since youth's decisions become more and more autonomous in this field as well.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Nutrition

KW - Psychological factors

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