Studies on the prolactin response induced by electroconvulsive therapy in schizophrenics

M. Arató, M. Kurcz, I. Vermes, M. Fekete

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Abstract

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and simulated ECT (SECT)‐induced prolactin response has been studied in 14 schizophrenic males. Cortisol, growth hormone, and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) changes have been measured simultaneously. The prolactin rise was significantly higher after ECT than after SECT. Cortisol increase after ECT did not exceed significantly the elevation after SECT. Changes in growth hormone and TSH concentrations were inconsistent and non‐significant. On the basis of the results it may be assumed that ECT‐induced prolactin response is a consequence of specific transmitter changes in the CNS and not a result of stress reaction or generalized neuronal discharge. ECT‐induced prolactin response was negligible in two cases. Both patients were chronically hospitalized schizophrenics resistant to therapy. Whether the prolactin response or its absence is of predictive value with respect to prognosis or effect of ECT remains to be seen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-244
Number of pages6
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1980

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Keywords

  • Electroconvulsive therapy ‐ schizophrenia ‐ prolactin ‐ growth hormone ‐ thyroid stimulating hormone ‐ cortisol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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