Structure-based discovery and binding site analysis of histamine receptor ligands

R. Kiss, György M. Keserű

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The application of structure-based drug discovery in histamine receptor projects was previously hampered by the lack of experimental structures. The publication of the first X-ray structure of the histamine H1 receptor has been followed by several successful virtual screens and binding site analysis studies of H1-antihistamines. This structure together with several other recently solved aminergic G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) enabled the development of more realistic homology models for H2, H3 and H4 receptors. Areas covered: In this paper, the authors review the development of histamine receptor models and their application in drug discovery. Expert opinion: In the authors’ opinion, the application of atomistic histamine receptor models has played a significant role in understanding key ligand-receptor interactions as well as in the discovery of novel chemical starting points. The recently solved H1 receptor structure is a major milestone in structure-based drug discovery; however, our analysis also demonstrates that for building H3 and H4 receptor homology models, other GPCRs may be more suitable as templates. For these receptors, the authors envisage that the development of higher quality homology models will significantly contribute to the discovery and optimization of novel H3 and H4 ligands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1185
Number of pages21
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Discovery
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

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Keywords

  • binding mode
  • Histamine
  • modelling
  • receptor
  • structure-based
  • virtual screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery

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