Structure and thermal stability of melt-quenched Al92-x Ni8(Ce,Sm)x alloys with x=1, 2 and 4

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Abstract

The formation of metastable phases and their transformation behavior during constant-rate heating of melt-quenched Al92-x Ni8REx (x =1, 2 and 4, numbers indicate at.%) alloys with the rare-earth (RE) elements Ce or Sm have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry. According to the XRD results, for the Al-Ni-Sm system all the as-quenched alloys consist of a nanocrystalline phase with face-centered cubic (fcc) structure embedded in an amorphous phase. On the other hand, for the Al-Ni-Ce system only the as-quenched x =1 and x =2 alloys consist of a nanocrystalline phase with a fcc structure and a possible amorphous phase with very small volume fraction, whereas the x =4 alloy is amorphous. Upon heating, the partially crystalline alloys Al91Ni8 Sm1, Al90Ni 8Sm2,Al91Ni8Ce1 and Al90 Ni8Ce2 show one broad exothermic peak of crystallization and the final phases are fcc Al solid solutions with a mixture of Al3Ni and Al3RE crystallization, all with nanosized grains. For the amorphous Al 88Ni8Ce4 alloy and for the partially crystalline Al88Ni8Sm4 alloy, the crystallization occurs in three overlapping stages, the first one corresponding to the primary crystallization of the fcc-Al. The final microstructure of the latter two alloys is the same as that corresponding to the partially crystalline alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-165
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume351
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 25 2003

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Thermodynamic stability
thermal stability
Crystallization
crystallization
Crystalline materials
X ray diffraction
Metastable phases
Amorphous alloys
heating
Rare earth elements
Heating rate
diffraction
Differential scanning calorimetry
Solid solutions
Volume fraction
x rays
solid solutions
rare earth elements
heat measurement
Heating

Keywords

  • Al-Ni-Ce alloys
  • Al-Ni-Sm alloys
  • Glass-forming ability
  • Melt-quenching
  • Nanocrystalline solid solutions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

@article{76a2b170a77443119a242b06d635bf93,
title = "Structure and thermal stability of melt-quenched Al92-x Ni8(Ce,Sm)x alloys with x=1, 2 and 4",
abstract = "The formation of metastable phases and their transformation behavior during constant-rate heating of melt-quenched Al92-x Ni8REx (x =1, 2 and 4, numbers indicate at.{\%}) alloys with the rare-earth (RE) elements Ce or Sm have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry. According to the XRD results, for the Al-Ni-Sm system all the as-quenched alloys consist of a nanocrystalline phase with face-centered cubic (fcc) structure embedded in an amorphous phase. On the other hand, for the Al-Ni-Ce system only the as-quenched x =1 and x =2 alloys consist of a nanocrystalline phase with a fcc structure and a possible amorphous phase with very small volume fraction, whereas the x =4 alloy is amorphous. Upon heating, the partially crystalline alloys Al91Ni8 Sm1, Al90Ni 8Sm2,Al91Ni8Ce1 and Al90 Ni8Ce2 show one broad exothermic peak of crystallization and the final phases are fcc Al solid solutions with a mixture of Al3Ni and Al3RE crystallization, all with nanosized grains. For the amorphous Al 88Ni8Ce4 alloy and for the partially crystalline Al88Ni8Sm4 alloy, the crystallization occurs in three overlapping stages, the first one corresponding to the primary crystallization of the fcc-Al. The final microstructure of the latter two alloys is the same as that corresponding to the partially crystalline alloys.",
keywords = "Al-Ni-Ce alloys, Al-Ni-Sm alloys, Glass-forming ability, Melt-quenching, Nanocrystalline solid solutions",
author = "A. R{\'e}v{\'e}sz and L. Varga and P. Nagy and J. Lendvai and I. Bakonyi",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/S0921-5093(02)00823-7",
language = "English",
volume = "351",
pages = "160--165",
journal = "Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing",
issn = "0921-5093",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "1-2",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Structure and thermal stability of melt-quenched Al92-x Ni8(Ce,Sm)x alloys with x=1, 2 and 4

AU - Révész, A.

AU - Varga, L.

AU - Nagy, P.

AU - Lendvai, J.

AU - Bakonyi, I.

PY - 2003/6/25

Y1 - 2003/6/25

N2 - The formation of metastable phases and their transformation behavior during constant-rate heating of melt-quenched Al92-x Ni8REx (x =1, 2 and 4, numbers indicate at.%) alloys with the rare-earth (RE) elements Ce or Sm have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry. According to the XRD results, for the Al-Ni-Sm system all the as-quenched alloys consist of a nanocrystalline phase with face-centered cubic (fcc) structure embedded in an amorphous phase. On the other hand, for the Al-Ni-Ce system only the as-quenched x =1 and x =2 alloys consist of a nanocrystalline phase with a fcc structure and a possible amorphous phase with very small volume fraction, whereas the x =4 alloy is amorphous. Upon heating, the partially crystalline alloys Al91Ni8 Sm1, Al90Ni 8Sm2,Al91Ni8Ce1 and Al90 Ni8Ce2 show one broad exothermic peak of crystallization and the final phases are fcc Al solid solutions with a mixture of Al3Ni and Al3RE crystallization, all with nanosized grains. For the amorphous Al 88Ni8Ce4 alloy and for the partially crystalline Al88Ni8Sm4 alloy, the crystallization occurs in three overlapping stages, the first one corresponding to the primary crystallization of the fcc-Al. The final microstructure of the latter two alloys is the same as that corresponding to the partially crystalline alloys.

AB - The formation of metastable phases and their transformation behavior during constant-rate heating of melt-quenched Al92-x Ni8REx (x =1, 2 and 4, numbers indicate at.%) alloys with the rare-earth (RE) elements Ce or Sm have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry. According to the XRD results, for the Al-Ni-Sm system all the as-quenched alloys consist of a nanocrystalline phase with face-centered cubic (fcc) structure embedded in an amorphous phase. On the other hand, for the Al-Ni-Ce system only the as-quenched x =1 and x =2 alloys consist of a nanocrystalline phase with a fcc structure and a possible amorphous phase with very small volume fraction, whereas the x =4 alloy is amorphous. Upon heating, the partially crystalline alloys Al91Ni8 Sm1, Al90Ni 8Sm2,Al91Ni8Ce1 and Al90 Ni8Ce2 show one broad exothermic peak of crystallization and the final phases are fcc Al solid solutions with a mixture of Al3Ni and Al3RE crystallization, all with nanosized grains. For the amorphous Al 88Ni8Ce4 alloy and for the partially crystalline Al88Ni8Sm4 alloy, the crystallization occurs in three overlapping stages, the first one corresponding to the primary crystallization of the fcc-Al. The final microstructure of the latter two alloys is the same as that corresponding to the partially crystalline alloys.

KW - Al-Ni-Ce alloys

KW - Al-Ni-Sm alloys

KW - Glass-forming ability

KW - Melt-quenching

KW - Nanocrystalline solid solutions

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U2 - 10.1016/S0921-5093(02)00823-7

DO - 10.1016/S0921-5093(02)00823-7

M3 - Article

VL - 351

SP - 160

EP - 165

JO - Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing

JF - Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing

SN - 0921-5093

IS - 1-2

ER -