Structure and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline soft ferromagnets

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Abstract

The structure and magnetic properties of soft magnetic nanocrystalline composites crystallised from amorphous ribbons are reviewed. The Fe-Early Transition Metal-Boron (Nanoperm-type) nanostructures are discussed in details and compared to the Si containing (Finemet) alloys. The nanocrystallization process was studied by calorimetry; the spatial dimension, the composition and the relative fraction of the bcc and the residual amorphous phases were investigated by X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy. A small fraction of Fe atoms (about 4%) was found which cannot be assigned either to the residual amorphous or to the bcc phase. It is suggested that the magnetic anisotropy of the bcc phase is decreased due to the dissolved Zr and B impurities. The Curie point and Fe atomic moments in the residual amorphous tissue are determined and compared to that of a macrosized amorphous phase of similar composition. The observed deviations do not scale with the average characteristic size of the amorphous phase and thus cannot be explained in the framework of the existing models. Magnetic dipolar coupling and tensile stresses between the grains of the different phases are suggested for explaining the soft magnetic behaviour of the nanostructures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-219
Number of pages39
JournalHyperfine Interactions
Volume130
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Magnetic properties
magnetic properties
tensile stress
ribbons
boron
heat measurement
transition metals
moments
deviation
impurities
anisotropy
composite materials
Nanostructures
diffraction
spectroscopy
Nanocrystallization
atoms
Magnetic couplings
Boron
x rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Structure and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline soft ferromagnets. / Kemény, T.; Kaptás, D.; Kiss, L.; Balogh, J.; Vincze, I.; Szabó, S.; Beke, D.

In: Hyperfine Interactions, Vol. 130, No. 1-4, 2000, p. 181-219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Beke, D.

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