Structural characteristics influencing the carrier function of synthetic branched polypeptides based on poly[Lys-(dl-Ala)3)]backbone

E. Rajnavolgyi, A. Lányi, F. Hudecz, I. Kurucz, K. Kiss, G. László, M. Szekerke, J. Gergely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effective carrier function of selected representatives of new branched polypeptides covalently coupled with the synthetic monovalent hapten, oxazolone was studied. The effectiveness of oxazolone-synthetic polypeptide conjugates in inducing oxazolone-as well as carrier-specific antibody responses in inbred mice was compared to that of bovine serum albumin (BSA)- and KLH-oxazolone conjugates. The synthetic polypeptides, poly[Lys-(d-Leui-dl-Alam)] (d-LAK), LAK and FAK, as well as the common poly[Lys-(dl-Alam)](AK) core covalently coupled to oxazolone (Ox) induced a T cell-dependent antibody response when repeatedly administered with or without Freund's adjuvant in mice. This was evidenced by: the increasing titer of oxazolone-specific IgG during the course of the memory response; the appearance of all IgG subclasses; the effective oxazolone-specific priming by the conjugates; and the induction of an intense oxazolone- and carrier-specific DTH reaction. Although the oxazolone-specific antibody response was 10-100 times lower than that induced by KLH- or BSA-oxazolone conjugates, it was accompanied by a lower level or no detectable carrier-specific antibody response despite an effective carrier-specific T cell-mediated response. Significant differences were observed between the effectiveness of synthetic polypeptides used as carrier: highest oxazolone-specific antibody titers were observed using the AK, LAK and FAK conjugates. The intensity and specificity of the DTH reaction and antibody response induced by the carrier-oxazolone conjugates suggested that the distinct effectiveness of l- and d-amino acid-containing conjugates (LAK vs d-LAK and FAK vs d-FAK) was dependent on altered B cell recognition of the haptenic group. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra indicating different local orientation of oxazolone, when coupled to l or d side chain-terminating amino acids, support this suggestion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-958
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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Oxazolone
Peptides
Antibody Formation
Bovine Serum Albumin
poly(lysine(alanine))
Immunoglobulin G
T-Lymphocytes
Amino Acids
Freund's Adjuvant
Haptens
Circular Dichroism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Structural characteristics influencing the carrier function of synthetic branched polypeptides based on poly[Lys-(dl-Ala)3)]backbone. / Rajnavolgyi, E.; Lányi, A.; Hudecz, F.; Kurucz, I.; Kiss, K.; László, G.; Szekerke, M.; Gergely, J.

In: Molecular Immunology, Vol. 26, No. 10, 1989, p. 949-958.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Effective carrier function of selected representatives of new branched polypeptides covalently coupled with the synthetic monovalent hapten, oxazolone was studied. The effectiveness of oxazolone-synthetic polypeptide conjugates in inducing oxazolone-as well as carrier-specific antibody responses in inbred mice was compared to that of bovine serum albumin (BSA)- and KLH-oxazolone conjugates. The synthetic polypeptides, poly[Lys-(d-Leui-dl-Alam)] (d-LAK), LAK and FAK, as well as the common poly[Lys-(dl-Alam)](AK) core covalently coupled to oxazolone (Ox) induced a T cell-dependent antibody response when repeatedly administered with or without Freund's adjuvant in mice. This was evidenced by: the increasing titer of oxazolone-specific IgG during the course of the memory response; the appearance of all IgG subclasses; the effective oxazolone-specific priming by the conjugates; and the induction of an intense oxazolone- and carrier-specific DTH reaction. Although the oxazolone-specific antibody response was 10-100 times lower than that induced by KLH- or BSA-oxazolone conjugates, it was accompanied by a lower level or no detectable carrier-specific antibody response despite an effective carrier-specific T cell-mediated response. Significant differences were observed between the effectiveness of synthetic polypeptides used as carrier: highest oxazolone-specific antibody titers were observed using the AK, LAK and FAK conjugates. The intensity and specificity of the DTH reaction and antibody response induced by the carrier-oxazolone conjugates suggested that the distinct effectiveness of l- and d-amino acid-containing conjugates (LAK vs d-LAK and FAK vs d-FAK) was dependent on altered B cell recognition of the haptenic group. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra indicating different local orientation of oxazolone, when coupled to l or d side chain-terminating amino acids, support this suggestion.",
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AU - Kiss, K.

AU - László, G.

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