Complex formation equilibrium processes of [Rh(η5-C5Me5)(H2O)3]2+ with N,N′-dimethylethylenediamine (dmen), N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylethylenediamine (tmeda), 2-picolylamine (pin) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) were studied in aqueous solution by 1H NMR spectroscopy, UV-vis spectrophotometry and pH-potentiometry. Formation and deprotonation of [Rh(η5-C5Me5)(L)(H2O)]2+ complexes and exchange process of the aqua to chlorido ligand were characterized in addition to single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of [Rh(η5-C5Me5)(L)(Cl)]+ complexes (L = dmen, tmeda and pin). Formation of complexes with significantly high stability was found except tmeda due to the sterical hindrance between the methyl groups of the chelating ligand and the arenyl ring resulting in an increased methyl group-ring plane torsion angle. [Rh(η5-C5Me5)(L)(H2O)]2+ complexes of dmen, pin, phen predominate at pH 7.4 without decomposition even in the micromolar concentration range. The complexes were characterized by relatively high chloride affinity and a strong correlation was obtained between the log K′ (H2O/Cl-) and pKa of [Rh(η5-C5Me5)(L)(H2O)]2+ constants for a series of (O,O), (O,N) and (N,N)-chelated complexes. For this set of 12 complexes a relationship between log K′ (H2O/Cl-) values and certain crystallographic parameters was found using multiple linear regression approach. DNA binding of these complexes was also monitored and compared by ultrafiltration and fluorimetry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry