The effect of quenched disorder on nonequilibrium phase transitions in the directed percolation universality class is studied by a strong disorder renormalization group approach and by density matrix renormalization group calculations. We show that for sufficiently strong disorder the critical behavior is controlled by a strong disorder fixed point and in one dimension the critical exponents are conjectured to be exact: [Formula presented] and [Formula presented]. For disorder strengths outside the attractive region of this fixed point, disorder dependent critical exponents are detected. Existing numerical results in two dimensions can be interpreted within a similar scenario.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)