Strength of flocs formed from aluminium sulfate hydrolysis product particles

Renáta Mészáros, Sándor Bárány

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The kinetics of aggregation of aluminium sulfate hydrolysis product particles (AS HPP) formed in two model waters with different pH and alkalinity values, at different shear conditions in a flow system has been studied. The effect of the hydrolyzing salt dose, ionic strength of the solution and the mode and rate of stirring the system on the growth, destruction and regrowth of HPP aggregates has been investigated. The comparison of the results obtained with our previous data on the electrokinetic potential and hydration of AS HPP [7] testifies that the aluminium sulfate hydrolysis product particles formed in a model water with parameters that facilitate appearance of small particles with relatively high charge and zeta-potential values, low degree of hydration and interaction of primary particles predominantly in the primary minimum (water II: pH 7.5, alkalinity 1 mmol/l, average particle radius 6-7 nm, ζ = 26-29 mV), are more stable and possess higher ability for reconstruction after their destruction during intensive stirring, than aggregates built of particles with lower charge, higher initial particle size and hydration, aggregating in the secondary minimum (water I: pH 9.3, alkalinity 3 mmol/l, average particle radius 10-11 nm, ζ = 16-18 mV).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationColloids for Nano- and Biotechnology
EditorsZoltan Horvolgyi, Eva Kiss
Pages70-76
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

Publication series

NameProgress in Colloid and Polymer Science
Volume135
ISSN (Print)0340-255X

Keywords

  • Aggregates
  • Aluminium sulfate
  • Destruction
  • Growth
  • Hydrolysis products
  • Reconstruction
  • Shear intensity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Strength of flocs formed from aluminium sulfate hydrolysis product particles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Mészáros, R., & Bárány, S. (2008). Strength of flocs formed from aluminium sulfate hydrolysis product particles. In Z. Horvolgyi, & E. Kiss (Eds.), Colloids for Nano- and Biotechnology (pp. 70-76). (Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science; Vol. 135). https://doi.org/10.1007/2882-2008-107