Strategies for controlling western corn rootworm (diabrotica virgifera virgiferä)

E. Széll, I. Zsellér, G. Ripka, J. Kiss, G. Princzinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Western corn rootworm (WCR) first appeared in Europe near Belgrade airport in 1992. The first adult of this species was found near Mórahalom, in the southern part of Hungary, on 30th June 1995. Small-plot trials were started in Szeged (Cereal Research Non-Profit Co.) and large-scale trials in Mezohegyes (Ménesbŕrtok Ltd.) in 1996 to elaborate strategies to control this insect pest. To make the work more efficient, eight experts working at different institutions formed a team. At the same time, monitoring was begun on when and where the insect appeared and in what numbers. The experiments were adapted to the life cycle of the species. WCR has one generation per year, laying eggs that overwinter. Larvae begin to hatch in late May to mid-June. Adults emerge by mid-July and survive till early October. They lay eggs in abundance from mid-July to late August. Trials were conducted to control WCR both with and without chemicals. For adult control pesticides were sprayed from an aircraft or using a field sprayer. Larval control involved seed treatment with insecticide or the use of soil insecticide at planting or at cultivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalActa Agronomica Hungarica
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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Keywords

  • Adult
  • Crop rotation
  • Diabrotica virgifera virgifem
  • Egg
  • Larva
  • Seed treatment
  • Soil insecticide
  • Trapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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