Strain-induced β-α polymorphic transition in iPP as revealed by microhardness

M. Krumova, J. Karger-Kocsis, F. J. Baltá Calleja, S. Fakirov

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22 Citations (Scopus)


The microhardness (H) technique was used for characterization of the β-α polymorphic transition in isotactic polypropylene (iPP). For this purpose the microhardness in the damage zone of a tensile loaded deeply edge-notched (DEN-T) β-iPP specimen was mapped. Mapping of H was performed, both along the loading direction (central) and close to the shorter fracture edge. Around half-length of the plastic zone a sharp increase of the H values in both cases was observed. The H increase is related to the β→α polymorphic transition. Microvoid formation in the central part results in lower H values. However for the edge zone close to the top of the fracture surface unusually high H values (around 200 MPa) are obtained. The latter are explained in terms of the formation of microfibrils due to crazing during deformation which are characterized by very high molecular orientation as reported from X-ray analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2371-2375
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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