Store-operated Ca2+ influx and subplasmalemmal mitochondria

Marek K. Korzeniowski, Gergö Szanda, Tamas Balla, András Spät

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calcium depletion of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) induces oligomerisation, puncta formation and translocation of the ER Ca2+ sensor proteins, STIM1 and -2 into plasma membrane (PM)-adjacent regions of the ER, where they activate the Orai1, -2 or -3 proteins present in the opposing PM. These proteins form ion channels through which store-operated Ca2+ influx (SOC) occurs. Calcium ions exert negative feed-back on SOC. Here we examined whether subplasmalemmal mitochondria, which reduce this feed-back by Ca2+ uptake, are located within or out of the high-Ca2+ microdomains (HCMDs) formed between the ER and plasmalemmal Orai1 channels. For this purpose, COS-7 cells were cotransfected with Orai1, STIM1 labelled with YFP or mRFP and the mitochondrially targeted Ca2+ sensitive fluorescent protein inverse-Pericam. Depletion of ER Ca2+ with ATP + thapsigargin (in Ca2+-free medium) induced the appearance of STIM1 puncta in the ≤100 nm wide subplasmalemmal space, as examined with TIRF. Mitochondria were located either in the gaps between STIM1-tagged puncta or in remote, STIM1-free regions. After addition of Ca2+ mitochondrial Ca2+ concentration increased irrespective of the mitochondrion-STIM1 distance. These observations indicate that mitochondria are exposed to Ca2+ diffused laterally from the HCMDs formed between the PM and the subplasmalemmal ER.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalCell Calcium
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

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Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Mitochondria
  • STIM1
  • Store-operated calcium entry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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