INTRODUCTION - The mortality rate of oral tumours in Hungary - due to the late diagnosis - is increasing steeply. To get closer to the solution of this problem, stomato-oncological examinations were performed, attached to the X-ray lung-screening examinations. PATIENTS AND METHODS - Between 1992 and 1995, 5034 inhabitants from the 3rd district in Budapest participated voluntarily in the investigation, where, after filling a form with 23 questions, a short oral, stomato-oncological examination was performed. Among the examined persons the women-men ratio was 58:42, the age distribution of the genders was similar. RESULTS - Oral precanceroses were found in 3.74% of the examinations, 89% was leukoplakia, 11% oral lichen. 74% of the leukoplakia patients were men, while 86% of the lichen patients women. 31% of the examined persons were smokers (88% in the leukoplakia, 10% in the lichen group), and 6 % regular alcohol-consumers (leukoplakia patients: 21%, lichen patients: 0%). 54% of the sample (74% of leukoplakia, and 48% of lichen patients) did not visit the dentist regularly. Oral complaints were reported mainly by lichen patients. CONCLUSIONS - The high ratio of oral precanceroses, and the increasing tendency of tumour mortality accentuates the importance of early diagnosis. The distribution of oral leukoplakia and lichen according to age and sex, the correlation with smoking and alcohol is in accordance with the literary data. However, the regular examination and detection of oral leukoplakia seems to have greater significance, because among these patients more smokers and regular drinkers are found, and the attendance to dental check-ups is less frequent.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Lege Artis Medicinae|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1996|
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