It has been reported recently (Tretter et al., 2007b) that in isolated guinea pig brain mitochondria supported by α-glycerophosphate (α-GP) reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced through the reverse electron transport (RET) in the respiratory chain and by α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (α-GPDH). We studied the effect of calcium on the generation of H2O2 as measured by the Amplex Red fluorescent assay in this model. H2O2 production in α-GP-supported mitochondria was increased significantly in the presence of 100, 250, and 500 nM Ca2+, respectively. In addition, Ca2+ enhanced the membrane potential, the rate of oxygen consumption, and the NAD(P)H autofluorescence in these mitochondria. Direct measurement of α-GPDH activity showed that Ca2+ stimulated the enzyme by decreasing the Km for α-GR In those mitochondria where RET was eliminated by the Complex I inhibitor rotenone (2 μM) or due to depolarization by ADP (1 mM), the rate of H2O2 formation was smaller and the stimulation of H 2O2 generation by Ca2+ was prevented partly, but the stimulatory effect of Ca2+ was still significant. These data indicate that in α-GP-supported mitochondria activation of α-GPDH by Ca2+ leads to an accelerated RET-mediated ROS generation as well as to a stimulated ROS production by α-GPDH.
- Membrane potential
- Reverse electron transport
- α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience