Stimulation of H2O2 generation by calcium in brain mitochondria respiring on α-glycerophosphate

Laszlo Tretter, Katalin Takacs, Kinga Kövér, Vera Adam-Vizi

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31 Citations (Scopus)


It has been reported recently (Tretter et al., 2007b) that in isolated guinea pig brain mitochondria supported by α-glycerophosphate (α-GP) reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced through the reverse electron transport (RET) in the respiratory chain and by α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (α-GPDH). We studied the effect of calcium on the generation of H2O2 as measured by the Amplex Red fluorescent assay in this model. H2O2 production in α-GP-supported mitochondria was increased significantly in the presence of 100, 250, and 500 nM Ca2+, respectively. In addition, Ca2+ enhanced the membrane potential, the rate of oxygen consumption, and the NAD(P)H autofluorescence in these mitochondria. Direct measurement of α-GPDH activity showed that Ca2+ stimulated the enzyme by decreasing the Km for α-GR In those mitochondria where RET was eliminated by the Complex I inhibitor rotenone (2 μM) or due to depolarization by ADP (1 mM), the rate of H2O2 formation was smaller and the stimulation of H 2O2 generation by Ca2+ was prevented partly, but the stimulatory effect of Ca2+ was still significant. These data indicate that in α-GP-supported mitochondria activation of α-GPDH by Ca2+ leads to an accelerated RET-mediated ROS generation as well as to a stimulated ROS production by α-GPDH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3471-3479
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2007


  • Membrane potential
  • NAD(P)H
  • ROS
  • Reverse electron transport
  • Succinate
  • α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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