Stilbene disulfonates block ATP-sensitive K+ channels in guinea pig ventricular myocytes

Tetsushi Furukawa, László Virág, Tohru Sawanobori, Masayasu Hiraoka

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Effects of stilbene disulfonates on single KATP channel currents were investigated in inside-out and outside-out membrane patches from guinea pig ventricular myocytes. All drugs tested, 4,4′-diisothiocyanatostilbene, 2,2′-disulfonic acid (DIDS), 4-acetamido0-4′-isothiocyanatostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid (SITS), 4,4′-dinitrostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid (DNDS), and 4,4′-diaminostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid (DADS), inhibited the KATP channel when they were applied to the intracellular, but not extracellular side of the membrane patch. Inhibitory actions of DIDS and SITS were irreversible, whereas those induced by DNDS and DADS were reversible. KATP channel inhibition was concentration dependent with an order of potency of DIDS>SITS ≈ DNDS > DADS; the Hill coefficient was close to unity for each drug. No change in channel conductance was observed during exposure to DIDS or DNDS; however, channel kinetics was altered. Distribution of the open time within bursts and that between bursts could be described by a single exponential relation in the absence and presence of DIDS or DNDS. The time constant of the open time within bursts was not altered, but that between bursts was decreased by DIDS (from 40.0±8.1 to 29.8±6.7 msec, P< 0.05) and by DNDS (from 43.1±9.3 to 31.9±7.1 msec, P<0.05). Distributions of closed time within bursts were also fitted to a single exponential function both in the absence and presence of drugs, while those of the closed time between bursts were fitted to a single exponential function in the absence of drugs, but a double exponential function was required in the presence of drugs. The rates of onset and development of channel inhibition by DIDS and DNDS appeared to be concentration dependent; a longer time was required to reach a new steady-state of channel activity as drug concentration was decreased. Inhibition by DIDS or DNDS was regulated by intracellular pH; inhibition was greater during acidic conditions. For DIDS (0.1 m m), the open probability (Po) expressed as a fraction of the value before drug application was 42.9±8.3% at pH 7.4 and 8.2±6.6% at pH 6.5 (P<0.01); corresponding values for DNDS (1 m m) were 39.6±17.6 and 8.9 ±5.8%, respectively (P<0.01). From these data, we conclude that stilbene disulfonates block the KATP channel by binding to their target site with one-to-one stoichiometry. Similar to glibenclamide, the binding of stilbene disulfonates may reflect interpolation in an "intermediate lipid compartment" between the cytosolic drug and the site of drug action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-302
Number of pages14
JournalThe Journal of Membrane Biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1993



  • K channel
  • Patch clamp
  • Stilbene disulfonate
  • Ventricular myocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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