Stereoselective syntheses of pinane-based 1,3-diamines and their application as chiral ligands in the enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde

Kinga Csillag, Z. Szakonyi, F. Fülöp

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Abstract

A library of 1,3-difunctionalized pinane derivatives was synthesized and applied as chiral catalysts in the addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde. The key intermediate β-lactam 2 was prepared regio- and stereoselectively from (-)-apopinene 1. The treatment of 2 with di-tert-butyl dicarbonate afforded N-Boc β-lactam 3, while acid-catalyzed ring opening of 2 resulted in amino acid 4. Nucleophilic ring opening of 3 with dimethylamine, followed by deprotection and benzylation, furnished β-amino amides 5, 8, and 11, which were transformed in two steps into the corresponding N-tosyldiamines 7, 10, and 13, respectively. Since the use of other amines, such as diethylamine, to study the influence of dialkyl substitution was unsuccessful, an alternative synthetic route was applied. Amidation of tosylated β-amino acid 14 furnished amides 15-25. Reduction of 15, 16, 19, 20, and 24 resulted in N-tosyl diamines 26-30. The β-amino amides and N-tosylated diamines were used as chiral ligands in the enantioselective alkylation of benzaldehyde with diethylzinc, resulting in (R)- and (S)-1-phenyl-1-propanol. The (R)-enantiomer was predominant except when 17, 22, 23, and 25 were used as ligands, in which case the opposite stereochemistry was observed. The best ee values (up to 83%) were obtained when 17, 20, 23, and 25 were used as catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-561
Number of pages9
JournalTetrahedron Asymmetry
Volume24
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 31 2013

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Diamines
diamines
Amides
amides
Lactams
Ligands
ligands
amino acids
Amino acids
synthesis
Amino Acids
catalysts
Stereochemistry
Catalysts
Enantiomers
rings
enantiomers
alkylation
Alkylation
stereochemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Catalysis

Cite this

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title = "Stereoselective syntheses of pinane-based 1,3-diamines and their application as chiral ligands in the enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde",
abstract = "A library of 1,3-difunctionalized pinane derivatives was synthesized and applied as chiral catalysts in the addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde. The key intermediate β-lactam 2 was prepared regio- and stereoselectively from (-)-apopinene 1. The treatment of 2 with di-tert-butyl dicarbonate afforded N-Boc β-lactam 3, while acid-catalyzed ring opening of 2 resulted in amino acid 4. Nucleophilic ring opening of 3 with dimethylamine, followed by deprotection and benzylation, furnished β-amino amides 5, 8, and 11, which were transformed in two steps into the corresponding N-tosyldiamines 7, 10, and 13, respectively. Since the use of other amines, such as diethylamine, to study the influence of dialkyl substitution was unsuccessful, an alternative synthetic route was applied. Amidation of tosylated β-amino acid 14 furnished amides 15-25. Reduction of 15, 16, 19, 20, and 24 resulted in N-tosyl diamines 26-30. The β-amino amides and N-tosylated diamines were used as chiral ligands in the enantioselective alkylation of benzaldehyde with diethylzinc, resulting in (R)- and (S)-1-phenyl-1-propanol. The (R)-enantiomer was predominant except when 17, 22, 23, and 25 were used as ligands, in which case the opposite stereochemistry was observed. The best ee values (up to 83{\%}) were obtained when 17, 20, 23, and 25 were used as catalysts.",
author = "Kinga Csillag and Z. Szakonyi and F. F{\"u}l{\"o}p",
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T1 - Stereoselective syntheses of pinane-based 1,3-diamines and their application as chiral ligands in the enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde

AU - Csillag, Kinga

AU - Szakonyi, Z.

AU - Fülöp, F.

PY - 2013/5/31

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N2 - A library of 1,3-difunctionalized pinane derivatives was synthesized and applied as chiral catalysts in the addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde. The key intermediate β-lactam 2 was prepared regio- and stereoselectively from (-)-apopinene 1. The treatment of 2 with di-tert-butyl dicarbonate afforded N-Boc β-lactam 3, while acid-catalyzed ring opening of 2 resulted in amino acid 4. Nucleophilic ring opening of 3 with dimethylamine, followed by deprotection and benzylation, furnished β-amino amides 5, 8, and 11, which were transformed in two steps into the corresponding N-tosyldiamines 7, 10, and 13, respectively. Since the use of other amines, such as diethylamine, to study the influence of dialkyl substitution was unsuccessful, an alternative synthetic route was applied. Amidation of tosylated β-amino acid 14 furnished amides 15-25. Reduction of 15, 16, 19, 20, and 24 resulted in N-tosyl diamines 26-30. The β-amino amides and N-tosylated diamines were used as chiral ligands in the enantioselective alkylation of benzaldehyde with diethylzinc, resulting in (R)- and (S)-1-phenyl-1-propanol. The (R)-enantiomer was predominant except when 17, 22, 23, and 25 were used as ligands, in which case the opposite stereochemistry was observed. The best ee values (up to 83%) were obtained when 17, 20, 23, and 25 were used as catalysts.

AB - A library of 1,3-difunctionalized pinane derivatives was synthesized and applied as chiral catalysts in the addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde. The key intermediate β-lactam 2 was prepared regio- and stereoselectively from (-)-apopinene 1. The treatment of 2 with di-tert-butyl dicarbonate afforded N-Boc β-lactam 3, while acid-catalyzed ring opening of 2 resulted in amino acid 4. Nucleophilic ring opening of 3 with dimethylamine, followed by deprotection and benzylation, furnished β-amino amides 5, 8, and 11, which were transformed in two steps into the corresponding N-tosyldiamines 7, 10, and 13, respectively. Since the use of other amines, such as diethylamine, to study the influence of dialkyl substitution was unsuccessful, an alternative synthetic route was applied. Amidation of tosylated β-amino acid 14 furnished amides 15-25. Reduction of 15, 16, 19, 20, and 24 resulted in N-tosyl diamines 26-30. The β-amino amides and N-tosylated diamines were used as chiral ligands in the enantioselective alkylation of benzaldehyde with diethylzinc, resulting in (R)- and (S)-1-phenyl-1-propanol. The (R)-enantiomer was predominant except when 17, 22, 23, and 25 were used as ligands, in which case the opposite stereochemistry was observed. The best ee values (up to 83%) were obtained when 17, 20, 23, and 25 were used as catalysts.

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