Stent Protrusion >20 mm Into the Aorta: A New Predictor for Restenosis After Kissing Stent Reconstruction of the Aortoiliac Bifurcation

Miklós Vértes, Ildikó Zsófia Juhász, Tin Dat Nguyen, Dániel Sándor Veres, Artúr Hüttl, B. Nemes, Kálmán Hüttl, Edit Dósa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the long-term patency of aortoiliac kissing stents and to identify predisposing factors for the development of in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 105 patients (median age 60.9 years; 64 women) with symptomatic aortoiliac occlusive disease who had kissing stents implanted between 2001 and 2015. The indication for kissing stents was severe claudication in 91 (86.7%) patients and critical limb ischemia in 14 (13.3%). Lesions were TASC A in 52 (49.5%), B in 29 (27.6%), C in 4 (3.8%), and D in 20 (19%) patients. Twenty-five (23.8%) patients had heavily calcified lesions. In all, 210 stents were deployed [180 (85.7%) self-expanding and 30 (14.3%) balloon-expandable]. Follow-up included clinical evaluation, ankle-brachial index measurement, and duplex ultrasonography. Results: The median follow-up was 45 months. The primary patency rates were 93%, 86%, and 77% at 12, 24, and 60 months, respectively. Significant ISR developed in 23 (21.9%) patients (12 unilateral and 11 bilateral). Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed older age [hazard ratio (HR) 0.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.31 to 0.81, p=0.004] and larger aortic diameter (HR 0.42, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.7, p<0.001) to be variables favoring long-term patency, while a longer aortic stent segment (HR 1.56, 95% CI 1.16 to 2.09, p=0.003) and a larger discrepancy between the summed stent diameters and the aortic diameter (HR 1.64, 95% CI 1.01 to 2.65, p=0.043) were associated with ISR development. Multivariate analysis showed a longer aortic stent segment to be the only significant determinant of ISR (HR 1.44, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.01, p=0.035). Conclusion: The kissing stent technique can be performed with good long-term patency. Patients whose iliac stents protrude too far into the aorta need closer follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-639
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • aortic stent length
  • aortoiliac bifurcation
  • in-stent restenosis
  • kissing stents
  • occlusion
  • stenosis
  • surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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