No effective blood-flow enhancement therapies are available for patients with severe peripheral arterial disease (SPAD), thus amputation remains the only option for relief of rest pain or gangrene. Autologous bone marrowg-derived stem cell therapy (ABMSCT) is an emerging modality to induce angiogenesis from endothelial progenitors. A total of 5 patients with SPAD were treated by ABMSCT using isolated CD34+ cells with characterized phenotype administered by intramuscular injections. The follow-up before and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after ABMSCT was based on clinical (rest pain, walking distance without pain, nonhealing ulcers, ankle-brachial index [ABI]) and laboratory (angiography, duplex and laser ultrasonography, TcPO2) parameters. Significant improvement of pain and walking distance was observed in all patients. Nonhealing ulcers disappeared in 3 patients and became smaller and thinner in 1 patient. The average of ABI improved significantly on the treated limb but did not change on the contralateral limb. New collaterals were detected by angiography in 3 patients, but duplex ultrasonography detected improvement in one patient only. Laser ultrasonography showed a mild significant change, TcPO2 values improved mainly on the foot. Severe adverse events were not observed. We conclude that ABMSCT with isolated CD34+ cells is safe, effective, and results in sustained clinical benefit for patients with SPAD.
- Autologous bone marrowg- derived stem cell therapy
- Buergergss disease
- Nonhealing ulcer
- Therapeutic angiogenesis
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