The thermodynamic functions and the correlation length of the classical one-dimensional X Y model in an external field are calculated by the numerical integration of the transfer matrix equation in both ferro- and antiferromagnetic cases. We show that for a finite but weak magnetic field the low temperature structure of the ferromagnetic partition function consists of a spin-wave part and a factor corresponding to the interaction of topological excitations. The contributions of the soliton like topological objects to the static properties are calculated through a systematic perturbative method. Finally we discuss in detail the regions of validity of different analytical approaches by comparing them with our exact numerical solution.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Zeitschrift für Physik B Condensed Matter and Quanta|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1979|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics