The effects of organic solvents on the stabilities of bovine pancreas trypsin, chymotrypsin, carboxypeptidase A and porcine pancreas lipase were studied. Water-miscible solvents (ethanol, acetonitrile, 1,4-dioxane and dimethyl sulfoxide) and water-immiscible solvents (ethyl acetate and toluene) were used in 100 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) or 100 mM Tris/HCl buffer (pH 7.0) in concentrations of 20-80% (v/v). All hydrolytic enzymes studied were inactivated by mixtures containing dimethyl sulfoxide at higher concentrations. Trypsin and carboxypeptidase A resisted solvent mixtures containing acetonitrile, 1,4-dioxane and ethanol. They preserved more than 80% of their starting activities during 20-min incubations. The activities of lipase and chymotrypsin decreased with increasing concentration of water- miscible polar organic solvents, but at higher concentrations (80%) 70-90% of the activity remained. In mixtures with water-immiscible solvents, the decrease in activity of carboxypeptidase A was pronounced. Trypsin and chymotrypsin underwent practically no loss in activity in the presence of toluene or ethyl acetate. In respect of stability, the polar solvent proved to be more favorable for lipase. These results suggest that the conformational stabilities of hydrolytic enzymes are highly dependent on the solvent-protein interactions and the enzyme structure.
- Carboxypeptidase A
- Conformational stability
- Organic solvent effects
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology