Spreading depolarization remarkably exacerbates ischemia-induced tissue acidosis in the young and aged rat brain

Ákos Menyhárt, Dániel Zölei-Szénási, Tamás Puskás, Péter Makra, M. Tóth Orsolya, Borbála E. Szepes, Réka Tóth, Orsolya Ivánkovits-Kiss, Tihomir P. Obrenovitch, Ferenc Bari, Eszter Farkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spreading depolarizations (SDs) occur spontaneously in the cerebral cortex of subarachnoid hemorrhage, stroke or traumatic brain injury patients. Accumulating evidence prove that SDs exacerbate focal ischemic injury by converting zones of the viable but non-functional ischemic penumbra to the core region beyond rescue. Yet the SD-related mechanisms to mediate neurodegeneration remain poorly understood. Here we show in the cerebral cortex of isoflurane-anesthetized, young and old laboratory rats, that SDs propagating under ischemic penumbra-like conditions decrease intra and-extracellular tissue pH transiently to levels, which have been recognized to cause tissue damage. Further, tissue pH after the passage of each spontaneous SD event remains acidic for over 10 minutes. Finally, the recovery from SD-related tissue acidosis is hampered further by age. We propose that accumulating acid load is an effective mechanism for SD to cause delayed cell death in the ischemic nervous tissue, particularly in the aged brain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1154
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Menyhárt, Á., Zölei-Szénási, D., Puskás, T., Makra, P., Orsolya, M. T., Szepes, B. E., Tóth, R., Ivánkovits-Kiss, O., Obrenovitch, T. P., Bari, F., & Farkas, E. (2017). Spreading depolarization remarkably exacerbates ischemia-induced tissue acidosis in the young and aged rat brain. Scientific reports, 7(1), [1154]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01284-4