Based on the Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Green's function technique, we present a computational scheme for calculating the electronic structure of layered systems with homogeneous spin-spiral magnetic state. From the self-consistent nonrelativistic calculations, the total energy of the spin-spiral states is determined as a function of the wave vector, while a relativistic extension of the formalism in first order of the spin-orbit coupling gives an access to the effect of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. We demonstrate that the newly developed method properly describes the magnetic ground state of a Mn monolayer on W(001) and that of a Co monolayer on Pt(111). The obtained spin-spiral energies are mapped to a classical spin model, the parameters of which are compared to those calculated directly from the relativistic torque method. In case of the Co/Pt(111) system, we find that the isotropic interaction between the Co atoms is reduced and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is increased when capped by a Ru layer. In addition, we perform spin-spiral calculations on Ir/Fe/Co/Pt and Ir/Co/Fe/Pt multilayer systems and find a spin-spiral ground state with very long wavelength due to the frustrated isotropic couplings between the Fe atoms, whereas the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction strongly depends on the sequence of the Fe and Co layers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics