The composite-spin representation of the spin-1 Heisenberg chain is used to transform it through the Jordan-Wigner transformation to the one-dimensional fermion gas. To properly include the xy couplings between spins, we also consider the bosonized version of the fermion model. Phase diagrams deduced from the two versions of the fermion model are compared against numerical results for finite Heisenberg chains. One of the symmetries of the spin model is lost in the fermionization, and this leads to a topologically incorrect phase diagram in at least one part of the parameter space. There are clear indications of significant coupling of spin and charge degrees of freedom in the fermion model and of strong renormalization of the coupling constants in the continuum limit. The existence of the Haldane gap is discussed in connection with these results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics