Spider orb web as bioassay for pesticide side effects

F. Samu, F. Vollrath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pesticides may affect the predatory and reproductive behaviour of beneficial arthropods short of having direct effects on their survival. We present a bioassay designed to test (ultimately in the field) such hidden effects of agrochemicals in their application concentrations. As a paradigm we chose the web-building behaviour of the cross spider Araneus diadematus Clerck (Araneidea, Argiopidae) and we selected four commonly used pesticides: Oleo Rustica 11E (mild insecticide), Fastac (pyrethroid insecticide), Bayfidan and Sportak (fungicides). Neither fungicides nor the mild insecticide seem to affect web-building behaviour significantly, whereas the pyrethroid insecticide suppressed web-building frequency and severely affected web size and building accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1992

Fingerprint

spider web
insecticide
Araneae
bioassay
pesticides
bioassays
pesticide
adverse effects
pyrethroid insecticides
pyrethroid
fungicide
fungicides
Araneus diadematus
insecticides
beneficial arthropods
Araneidae
agrochemical
reproductive behavior
agrochemicals
spider

Keywords

  • Araneus diadematus
  • behaviour
  • orb web
  • pesticide side effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

Spider orb web as bioassay for pesticide side effects. / Samu, F.; Vollrath, F.

In: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, Vol. 62, No. 2, 02.1992, p. 117-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{18500920d2834995bd047d5936bd05a7,
title = "Spider orb web as bioassay for pesticide side effects",
abstract = "Pesticides may affect the predatory and reproductive behaviour of beneficial arthropods short of having direct effects on their survival. We present a bioassay designed to test (ultimately in the field) such hidden effects of agrochemicals in their application concentrations. As a paradigm we chose the web-building behaviour of the cross spider Araneus diadematus Clerck (Araneidea, Argiopidae) and we selected four commonly used pesticides: Oleo Rustica 11E (mild insecticide), Fastac (pyrethroid insecticide), Bayfidan and Sportak (fungicides). Neither fungicides nor the mild insecticide seem to affect web-building behaviour significantly, whereas the pyrethroid insecticide suppressed web-building frequency and severely affected web size and building accuracy.",
keywords = "Araneus diadematus, behaviour, orb web, pesticide side effect",
author = "F. Samu and F. Vollrath",
year = "1992",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1007/BF00345482",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "117--124",
journal = "Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata",
issn = "0013-8703",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spider orb web as bioassay for pesticide side effects

AU - Samu, F.

AU - Vollrath, F.

PY - 1992/2

Y1 - 1992/2

N2 - Pesticides may affect the predatory and reproductive behaviour of beneficial arthropods short of having direct effects on their survival. We present a bioassay designed to test (ultimately in the field) such hidden effects of agrochemicals in their application concentrations. As a paradigm we chose the web-building behaviour of the cross spider Araneus diadematus Clerck (Araneidea, Argiopidae) and we selected four commonly used pesticides: Oleo Rustica 11E (mild insecticide), Fastac (pyrethroid insecticide), Bayfidan and Sportak (fungicides). Neither fungicides nor the mild insecticide seem to affect web-building behaviour significantly, whereas the pyrethroid insecticide suppressed web-building frequency and severely affected web size and building accuracy.

AB - Pesticides may affect the predatory and reproductive behaviour of beneficial arthropods short of having direct effects on their survival. We present a bioassay designed to test (ultimately in the field) such hidden effects of agrochemicals in their application concentrations. As a paradigm we chose the web-building behaviour of the cross spider Araneus diadematus Clerck (Araneidea, Argiopidae) and we selected four commonly used pesticides: Oleo Rustica 11E (mild insecticide), Fastac (pyrethroid insecticide), Bayfidan and Sportak (fungicides). Neither fungicides nor the mild insecticide seem to affect web-building behaviour significantly, whereas the pyrethroid insecticide suppressed web-building frequency and severely affected web size and building accuracy.

KW - Araneus diadematus

KW - behaviour

KW - orb web

KW - pesticide side effect

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027089263&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027089263&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00345482

DO - 10.1007/BF00345482

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0027089263

VL - 62

SP - 117

EP - 124

JO - Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata

JF - Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata

SN - 0013-8703

IS - 2

ER -