Sphingobium aquiterrae sp. Nov., a toluene, meta- and para-xylene-degrading bacterium isolated from petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated groundwater

Fruzsina Révész, Erika M. Tóth, Balázs Kriszt, Károly Bóka, Tibor Benedek, Orsolya Sárkány, Zsuzsa Nagy, András Táncsics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A Gram-negative, aerobic, slightly yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated as SKLS-A10T, was isolated from groundwater sample of the ‘Siklós’ petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated site (Hungary). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain SKLS-A10T formed a distinct phyletic lineage within the genus Sphingobium. It shared the highest 16S rRNA gene homology with Sphingobium abikonense DSM 23268T (97.29 %), followed by Sphingobium lactosutens DSM 23389T (97.23 %), Sphingobium phenoxybenzoativorans KCTC 42448T (97.16 %) and Sphingobium subterraneum NBRC 109814T (96.74 %). The predominant fatty acids (>5 % of the total) are C18: 1ω7c, C14: 0 2-OH, C16: 1 ω7c/iso C15: 0 2-OH, C17: 1ω6c and C16: 0. The major ubiquinone is Q-10. The predominant polyamine is spermidine. The major polar lipids are sphingoglycolipid and diphosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C content of strain SKLS-A10T is 65.9 mol%. On the basis of evidence from this taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach, strain SKLS-A10T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobium for which the name Sphingobium aquiterrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SKLS-A10T (=DSM 106441T=NCAIM B. 02634T).

Original languageEnglish
Article number002898
Pages (from-to)2807-2812
Number of pages6
JournalInternational journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Volume68
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • BTEX
  • Groundwater
  • Sphingobium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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