Speleothem stable isotope records for east-central Europe: Resampling sedimentary proxy records to obtain evenly spaced time series with spectral guidance

István Gábor Hatvani, Zoltán Kern, Szabolcs Leél-Össy, Attila Demény

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Uneven spacing is a common feature of sedimentary paleoclimate records, in many cases causing difficulties in the application of classical statistical and time series methods. Although special statistical tools do exist to assess unevenly spaced data directly, the transformation of such data into a temporally equidistant time series which may then be examined using commonly employed statistical tools remains, however, an unachieved goal. The present paper, therefore, introduces an approach to obtain evenly spaced time series (using cubic spline fitting) from unevenly spaced speleothem records with the application of a spectral guidance to avoid the spectral bias caused by interpolation and retain the original spectral characteristics of the data. The methodology was applied to stable carbon and oxygen isotope records derived from two stalagmites from the Baradla Cave (NE Hungary) dating back to the late 18th century. To show the benefit of the equally spaced records to climate studies, their coherence with climate parameters is explored using wavelet transform coherence and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-149
Number of pages11
JournalEarth System Science Data
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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