Spectroscopic confirmation of electrocatalytic behavior of amperometric carbohydrate detection on copper electrode

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Abstract

Working electrodes made of copper have been proved applicable in voltammetric analysis of different substances like sugars, amino acids playing important role in living organisms. Advantageously, copper electrodes are free of electrode passivation by the reaction product of electrochemical oxidation in cases, when the fouling of platinum- or carbon based conventional working electrodes is common. Suggestions, experimentally more or less supported, have been published about the electrode reaction involved for explanation. To obtain further hints about electrode process extensive controlled potential electrolysis of certain monosaccharides have been carried out in basic media and the reaction media have been analyzed with atomic absorption spectrometry, voltammetry and ion chromatography. Formate ions were detected as the major product, and their concentration was measured, while only low concentration of copper could be detected. From the charge passed and the concentration changes the number of electrons exchanged could be determined. The results are direct proof of the electrocatalytic nature of the electrode process and they contradict the considerable involvement of electrode corrosion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-74
Number of pages5
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Volume84
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006

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Copper
Carbohydrates
Electrodes
formic acid
Ion chromatography
Atomic absorption spectrometry
Monosaccharides
Electrochemical oxidation
Voltammetry
Fouling
Platinum
Reaction products
Electrolysis
Passivation
Sugars
Carbon
Ions
Corrosion
Amino Acids
Electrons

Keywords

  • Controlled potential electrolysis
  • Copper working electrode
  • IC analysis
  • Voltammetry of carbohydrates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

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title = "Spectroscopic confirmation of electrocatalytic behavior of amperometric carbohydrate detection on copper electrode",
abstract = "Working electrodes made of copper have been proved applicable in voltammetric analysis of different substances like sugars, amino acids playing important role in living organisms. Advantageously, copper electrodes are free of electrode passivation by the reaction product of electrochemical oxidation in cases, when the fouling of platinum- or carbon based conventional working electrodes is common. Suggestions, experimentally more or less supported, have been published about the electrode reaction involved for explanation. To obtain further hints about electrode process extensive controlled potential electrolysis of certain monosaccharides have been carried out in basic media and the reaction media have been analyzed with atomic absorption spectrometry, voltammetry and ion chromatography. Formate ions were detected as the major product, and their concentration was measured, while only low concentration of copper could be detected. From the charge passed and the concentration changes the number of electrons exchanged could be determined. The results are direct proof of the electrocatalytic nature of the electrode process and they contradict the considerable involvement of electrode corrosion.",
keywords = "Controlled potential electrolysis, Copper working electrode, IC analysis, Voltammetry of carbohydrates",
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AU - Nagy, G.

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AB - Working electrodes made of copper have been proved applicable in voltammetric analysis of different substances like sugars, amino acids playing important role in living organisms. Advantageously, copper electrodes are free of electrode passivation by the reaction product of electrochemical oxidation in cases, when the fouling of platinum- or carbon based conventional working electrodes is common. Suggestions, experimentally more or less supported, have been published about the electrode reaction involved for explanation. To obtain further hints about electrode process extensive controlled potential electrolysis of certain monosaccharides have been carried out in basic media and the reaction media have been analyzed with atomic absorption spectrometry, voltammetry and ion chromatography. Formate ions were detected as the major product, and their concentration was measured, while only low concentration of copper could be detected. From the charge passed and the concentration changes the number of electrons exchanged could be determined. The results are direct proof of the electrocatalytic nature of the electrode process and they contradict the considerable involvement of electrode corrosion.

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