Spectrophotometric study of the complexation and extraction of chromium(VI) with cyanine dyes

Ioseph S. Balogh, Ivan M. Maga, Ágnes Hargitai-Tóth, Vasil Andruch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solvent extraction of chromium(VI) ion associates with symmetric cyanine dyes including the heterocyclic radicals of 1,3,3-trimethyl-3N-indoline, benzooxazol, benzothiazol and quinoline has been studied by means of spectrophotometric method. In the acidic medium in the presence of chloride ions, extractable by aromatic hydrocarbons and esters of acetic acids, chromium(VI) ion associates are formed. The molar absorptivities of ion associates are 2.5-3.6×105 l mol-1 cm-1 in dependence on extractant and dye. The absorbance of the coloured extracts obeys the Beer's law in the range 0.01-2.1 mg l-1. The extraction of chromium is the highest during extraction from the sulphuric acid medium in the range 0.05-03 M H2SO4. It was found that the Cr(VI):Cl:R molar ratio is 1:1:1. A novel procedure of chromium(VI) extraction and spectrophotometric determination in various types of soils and sewage doped with chromium(VI) was examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-549
Number of pages7
JournalTalanta
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 4 2000

Keywords

  • Chromium(VI)
  • Cyanine dye
  • Extraction
  • Spectrophotometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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