Species richness and zoogeographic affinities of earthworms in the Levant

Tomáš Pavlíček, C. Csuzdi, Eviatar Nevo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Today, 31 earthworm species, 14 genera, five families (Acanthodrilidae, Criodrilidae, Lumbricidae, Ocnerodrilidae and Megascolecidae) are known to be present in the Levant. Aporrectodea caliginosa is represented by two subspecies. Out of all recorded species, 39-42% (12-13 species) have been introduced and 58-61 % (18-19 species) seem to be autochthonous. Eight to eleven autochthonous species (42-61 %) of the lumbricid genera Dendrobaena, Bimastos and Allolobophora s.l. are endemic to the Levant. The autochthonous Levantine earthworm fauna shows zoogeographic affinities with the one in Anatolia, Europe, Caucasus, Iran, and North Africa, but taxonomic status, and consequently distribution, of some of the included species need revision. Our data show that, contrary to other groups, the earthworm fauna of the Levant does not show a transitory character between the Ethiopic and the Eurasian fauna.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-457
Number of pages6
JournalPedobiologia
Volume47
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

earthworms
earthworm
species richness
fauna
species diversity
Allolobophora
Dendrobaena
Megascolecidae
Lumbricidae
Aporrectodea caliginosa
Northern Africa
Iran
subspecies

Keywords

  • Distribution
  • Earthworms
  • Endemism
  • Levant
  • Species richness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology

Cite this

Species richness and zoogeographic affinities of earthworms in the Levant. / Pavlíček, Tomáš; Csuzdi, C.; Nevo, Eviatar.

In: Pedobiologia, Vol. 47, No. 5-6, 2003, p. 452-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pavlíček, T, Csuzdi, C & Nevo, E 2003, 'Species richness and zoogeographic affinities of earthworms in the Levant', Pedobiologia, vol. 47, no. 5-6, pp. 452-457.
Pavlíček, Tomáš ; Csuzdi, C. ; Nevo, Eviatar. / Species richness and zoogeographic affinities of earthworms in the Levant. In: Pedobiologia. 2003 ; Vol. 47, No. 5-6. pp. 452-457.
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