Special manufacturing and characteristics of basalt fiber reinforced hybrid polypropylene composites

Mechanical properties and acoustic emission study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Basalt fiber reinforced, polypropylene matrix hybrid composites were manufactured in the process of carding, needle-punching and pressing. Hemp, glass and carbon fibers were applied besides basalt fiber in these composites. In order to achieve a sufficient interfacial adhesion, the fibers were treated with the reaction mixture of maleic acid anhydride and sunflower oil. The hybrid effect in these composites was examined as a function of fiber content and fiber combination. The strength properties of hybrid composites improved owing to surface treatment and this was proven by mechanical tests and microscopic analysis, as well. Acoustic emission methods revealed that there is a correlation between the physical parameters of sound waves that occurred during failure and the mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3210-3220
Number of pages11
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume66
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 18 2006

Fingerprint

Basalt
Polypropylenes
Acoustic emissions
Mechanical properties
Fibers
Composite materials
Hemp fibers
Sunflower oil
Punching
Anhydrides
Needles
Glass fibers
Carbon fibers
Surface treatment
Adhesion
basalt
Acoustic waves
Acids

Keywords

  • Acoustic emission
  • Basalt fiber
  • Carding
  • Failure modes
  • Hybrid polymer composites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

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abstract = "Basalt fiber reinforced, polypropylene matrix hybrid composites were manufactured in the process of carding, needle-punching and pressing. Hemp, glass and carbon fibers were applied besides basalt fiber in these composites. In order to achieve a sufficient interfacial adhesion, the fibers were treated with the reaction mixture of maleic acid anhydride and sunflower oil. The hybrid effect in these composites was examined as a function of fiber content and fiber combination. The strength properties of hybrid composites improved owing to surface treatment and this was proven by mechanical tests and microscopic analysis, as well. Acoustic emission methods revealed that there is a correlation between the physical parameters of sound waves that occurred during failure and the mechanical properties.",
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AB - Basalt fiber reinforced, polypropylene matrix hybrid composites were manufactured in the process of carding, needle-punching and pressing. Hemp, glass and carbon fibers were applied besides basalt fiber in these composites. In order to achieve a sufficient interfacial adhesion, the fibers were treated with the reaction mixture of maleic acid anhydride and sunflower oil. The hybrid effect in these composites was examined as a function of fiber content and fiber combination. The strength properties of hybrid composites improved owing to surface treatment and this was proven by mechanical tests and microscopic analysis, as well. Acoustic emission methods revealed that there is a correlation between the physical parameters of sound waves that occurred during failure and the mechanical properties.

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