Spatial modelling of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining: A case study of the Recsk copper mine, Hungary

G. Jordán, Anton Van Rompaey, Aniko Somody, Ubul Fügedi, Andrea Farsang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The metals and metal compounds that have been exposed by mining or have been discarded in mine wastes tend to become chemically more available, generating acid mine drainage as well as releasing toxic metals into soils, surface waters and groundwater in the affected catchment area. Here we present a case study of the spatial assessment of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining. A detailed statistical analysis was performed in order to identify geochemically homogeneous areas, including those contaminated by mining. A distributed model is also presented. This assesses the mean annual export of heavy metals from a catchment area, taking into account the spatial pattern of metal concentration and the topological relationships between sediment sources and sinks. Results show that the spatial pattern of background geology, mineralization and mines is important for understanding and assessing the geochemistry of contamination in the affected catchment. Moreover, certain spatial configurations of land use can minimize the total amount of sediment exported and the volume of polluted waste and sediments that is exported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-421
Number of pages9
JournalLand Contamination and Reclamation
Volume17
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Copper mines
Catchments
Contamination
copper
Sediments
metal
Metals
sediment
modeling
mine waste
acid mine drainage
Geochemistry
statistical analysis
soil surface
Geology
geochemistry
Surface waters
geology
Land use
heavy metal

Keywords

  • Catchment
  • Contamination
  • Distributed model
  • Geochemistry
  • Heavy metals
  • Mining
  • Sediment export
  • Spatial modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Spatial modelling of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining : A case study of the Recsk copper mine, Hungary. / Jordán, G.; Van Rompaey, Anton; Somody, Aniko; Fügedi, Ubul; Farsang, Andrea.

In: Land Contamination and Reclamation, Vol. 17, No. 3-4, 2009, p. 413-421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jordán, G. ; Van Rompaey, Anton ; Somody, Aniko ; Fügedi, Ubul ; Farsang, Andrea. / Spatial modelling of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining : A case study of the Recsk copper mine, Hungary. In: Land Contamination and Reclamation. 2009 ; Vol. 17, No. 3-4. pp. 413-421.
@article{18c867248dd64bffa7f18e590573363f,
title = "Spatial modelling of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining: A case study of the Recsk copper mine, Hungary",
abstract = "The metals and metal compounds that have been exposed by mining or have been discarded in mine wastes tend to become chemically more available, generating acid mine drainage as well as releasing toxic metals into soils, surface waters and groundwater in the affected catchment area. Here we present a case study of the spatial assessment of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining. A detailed statistical analysis was performed in order to identify geochemically homogeneous areas, including those contaminated by mining. A distributed model is also presented. This assesses the mean annual export of heavy metals from a catchment area, taking into account the spatial pattern of metal concentration and the topological relationships between sediment sources and sinks. Results show that the spatial pattern of background geology, mineralization and mines is important for understanding and assessing the geochemistry of contamination in the affected catchment. Moreover, certain spatial configurations of land use can minimize the total amount of sediment exported and the volume of polluted waste and sediments that is exported.",
keywords = "Catchment, Contamination, Distributed model, Geochemistry, Heavy metals, Mining, Sediment export, Spatial modelling",
author = "G. Jord{\'a}n and {Van Rompaey}, Anton and Aniko Somody and Ubul F{\"u}gedi and Andrea Farsang",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.2462/09670513.987",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "413--421",
journal = "Land Contamination and Reclamation",
issn = "0967-0513",
publisher = "EPP Publications",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial modelling of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining

T2 - A case study of the Recsk copper mine, Hungary

AU - Jordán, G.

AU - Van Rompaey, Anton

AU - Somody, Aniko

AU - Fügedi, Ubul

AU - Farsang, Andrea

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The metals and metal compounds that have been exposed by mining or have been discarded in mine wastes tend to become chemically more available, generating acid mine drainage as well as releasing toxic metals into soils, surface waters and groundwater in the affected catchment area. Here we present a case study of the spatial assessment of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining. A detailed statistical analysis was performed in order to identify geochemically homogeneous areas, including those contaminated by mining. A distributed model is also presented. This assesses the mean annual export of heavy metals from a catchment area, taking into account the spatial pattern of metal concentration and the topological relationships between sediment sources and sinks. Results show that the spatial pattern of background geology, mineralization and mines is important for understanding and assessing the geochemistry of contamination in the affected catchment. Moreover, certain spatial configurations of land use can minimize the total amount of sediment exported and the volume of polluted waste and sediments that is exported.

AB - The metals and metal compounds that have been exposed by mining or have been discarded in mine wastes tend to become chemically more available, generating acid mine drainage as well as releasing toxic metals into soils, surface waters and groundwater in the affected catchment area. Here we present a case study of the spatial assessment of contamination in a catchment area impacted by mining. A detailed statistical analysis was performed in order to identify geochemically homogeneous areas, including those contaminated by mining. A distributed model is also presented. This assesses the mean annual export of heavy metals from a catchment area, taking into account the spatial pattern of metal concentration and the topological relationships between sediment sources and sinks. Results show that the spatial pattern of background geology, mineralization and mines is important for understanding and assessing the geochemistry of contamination in the affected catchment. Moreover, certain spatial configurations of land use can minimize the total amount of sediment exported and the volume of polluted waste and sediments that is exported.

KW - Catchment

KW - Contamination

KW - Distributed model

KW - Geochemistry

KW - Heavy metals

KW - Mining

KW - Sediment export

KW - Spatial modelling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955131363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955131363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2462/09670513.987

DO - 10.2462/09670513.987

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77955131363

VL - 17

SP - 413

EP - 421

JO - Land Contamination and Reclamation

JF - Land Contamination and Reclamation

SN - 0967-0513

IS - 3-4

ER -