Spatial distribution of Trichinella britovi, T. spiralis and T. pseudospiralis of domestic pigs and wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Hungary

Z. Széll, G. Marucci, A. Ludovisi, M. A. Gómez-Morales, T. Sréter, E. Pozio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trichinellosis is a foodborne disease caused by the consumption of raw meat and raw meat-derived products from swine, horse and some game animals infected with nematode worms of the genus Trichinella. Between June 2006 and February 2011, 16 million domestic pigs and 0.22 million wild boars (Sus scrofa) were tested for Trichinella sp. in Hungary. Trichinella infection was not found in any pigs slaughtered for public consumption. Nevertheless, Trichinella spiralis was detected in four backyard pigs when trace back was done following a family outbreak. Trichinella infection was demonstrated in 17 wild boars (0.0077%). Larvae from wild boars were identified as Trichinella britovi (64.7%), T. spiralis (29.4%) and Trichinella pseudospiralis (5.9%). Although the prevalence of Trichinella sp. infection in wild boars and domestic pigs is very low, the spatial analysis reveals that the level of risk differs by region in Hungary. Most of the T. britovi infected wild boars (63.6%) were shot in the north-eastern mountain area of Hungary; whereas domestic pigs and wild boars infected with T. spiralis were detected only in the southern counties bordering Croatia and Romania. In the north-western and central counties, the prevalence of Trichinella infection seems to be negligible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-396
Number of pages4
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume183
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 10 2012

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Keywords

  • Domestic pig
  • Hungary
  • Prevalence
  • Trichinella britovi
  • Trichinella pseudospiralis
  • Trichinella spiralis
  • Wild boar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)

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