Source parameters and tectonic interpretation of recent earthquake (1995-1997) in the Pannonian basin

Ahmed Badawy, Frank Horváth, László Tóth

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Abstract

From January 1995 to December 1997, about 74 earthquakes were located in the Pannonian basin and digitally recorded by a recently established network of seismological stations in Hungary. On reviewing the notable events, about 12 earthquakes were reported as felt with maximum intensity varying between 4 and 6 MSK. The dynamic source parameters of these earthquakes have been derived from P-wave displacement spectra. The displacement source spectra obtained are characterised by relatively small values of corner frequency (f0) ranging between 2.5 and 10 Hz. The seismic moments change from 1.48 x 1020 to 1.3 x 1023 dyne cm, stress drops from 0.25 to 76.75 bar, fault length from 0.42 to 1.7 km and relative displacement from 0.05 to 15.35 cm. The estimated source parameters suggest a good agreement with the scaling law for small earthquakes. The small values of stress drops in the studied earthquakes can be attributed to the low strength of crustal materials in the Pannonian basin. However, the values of stress drops are not different for earthquake with thrust or normal faulting focal mechanism solutions. It can be speculated that an increase of the seismic activity in the Pannonian basin can be predicted in the long run because extensional development ceased and structural inversion is in progress. Seismic hazard assessment is a delicate job due to the inadequate knowledge of the seismo-active faults, particularly in the interior part of the Pannonian basin. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-103
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Geodynamics
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2001

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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